The Non-Analytical Basis of Clinical Reasoning.

  title={The Non-Analytical Basis of Clinical Reasoning.},
  author={Geoffrey R Norman and Lee R. Brooks},
  journal={Advances in health sciences education : theory and practice},
  volume={2 2},
This paper explores the assertion that much of clinical diagnostic thinking is based on the rapid and unconscious matching of the presenting problem to a similar, previously encountered, problem. This 'non-analytic' form of concept formation has been described in the psychology literature for over a decade. From this theory, we deduce and test several hypotheses: 1) Diagnosis is based in part on similarity to a particular previous example. In studies in dermatology, specific similarity accounts… CONTINUE READING

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