The Nine-Dash Line in the South China Sea: History, Status, and Implications

  title={The Nine-Dash Line in the South China Sea: History, Status, and Implications},
  author={Zhiguo Gao and Bing Bing Jia},
  journal={American Journal of International Law},
  pages={98 - 123}
  • Zhiguo Gao, B. Jia
  • Published 1 January 2013
  • History
  • American Journal of International Law
The South China Sea has generally been a calm area of sea since ancient times. Until the late twentieth century, it had provided a fertile fishing ground for local fishermen from China and other littoral states, and a smooth route of navigation for the nations of the region and the rest of the international community. This tranquility has been disturbed, however, by two recent developments. The first was the physical occupation of the Nansha, or Spratly, Islands by some of the coastal states in… 
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