The Newfoundland Cod Stock Collapse: A Review and Analysis of Social Factors

@article{Mason2002TheNC,
  title={The Newfoundland Cod Stock Collapse: A Review and Analysis of Social Factors},
  author={Fred Mason},
  journal={Electronic Green Journal},
  year={2002},
  volume={1},
  pages={2}
}
  • Fred Mason
  • Published 1 December 2002
  • History
  • Electronic Green Journal
In 1992, the once abundant cod stocks off the coast of Newfoundland collapsed and a moratorium was placed upon fishing them. This paper provides a review of a range of social and political factors that were implicated in the collapse of the stocks, including overfishing, government mismanagement, and the disregard of scientific uncertainty. The collapse is considered in terms of the "tragedy of commons theory" of resource exploitation, and the inevitability of overuse that the theory implies… 

Human behaviour: the key source of uncertainty in fisheries management

There is broad consensus that the main problem facing fisheries globally is too many boats chasing too few fish. Unfortunately it is also possible to argue that there are too many proposed solutions

Fishermen's perception on the sustainability of small-scale fisheries and dolphin–fisheries interactions in two increasingly fragile coastal ecosystems in western Greece

Despite their geographic proximity, the Gulf of Ambracia and the Inner Ionian Sea Archipelago are remarkably different in terms of environmental features, human activities, and dolphin species

A system dynamics model to support the management of artisanal dredge fisheries in the south coast of Portugal

The developed system dynamics model, combining available data with knowledge of fisheries experts, proved to be a useful scientific tool to identify management policies and organizational structures leading to greater success.

D ATA FOULING IN MARINE FISHERIES : FINDINGS AND A MODEL FOR N EWFOUNDLAND 1

One of the most serious problems facing fisheries managers is how to improve estimates of the distortion (‘fouling’) of commercial landings data resulting from misreporting in all its various forms.

Anglers' views on stock conservation: Sea bass angling in Ireland

Influences of fisher attitudes and behaviour on regulation non-compliance: A case study from the Marlborough Sounds, New Zealand recreational blue cod fishery

Although it has been noted that fisheries is 90% managing people, most management regimes focus solely on the other 10%; the biological aspect. Furthermore, despite the growing popularity of

A basis for understanding fishery management dynamics

Fishery management complexity conspires to defeat seemingly obvious solutions to overfishing. Management may not adequately include decisions of fishers, management, and politicians. A new, simple,

The Kaipara mullet fishery: nineteenth-century management issues revisited

Grey mullet, Mugil cephalus, provided an important food resource for pre- European Maori in Northland and supported one of New Zealand's first commercial fisheries, notably in Kaipara Harbour. The

Reforming Atlantic Fisheries Lessons from Iceland

The collapse and subsequent moratorium on Atlantic cod has had profound economic, political, and sociological consequences in Atlantic Canada. Following the 1992 moratorium, the federal government

Shark Conservation – Analysis and Synthesis

A detailed analysis of fishing records has shown that the shark species accessible to global fisheries have been systematically depleted for decades. They were already fished to about 10 percent of

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 84 REFERENCES

The Fall and Future of Newfoundland's Cod Fishery

The 1992 collapse of the northern cod undermined a centuries-old way of life in Newfoundland. This ecological change has had broad social consequences, especially the loss of livelihoods for people

Stock Rebuilding Strategies under Uncertainty: The Case for "Sentinel Fisheries."

The 1992 moratorium on the Northern cod stock broke ground in fisheries management by setting commercial quotas at zero for a stock previously exploited annually on the order of 200 thousand tonnes.

Resource Mismanagement Versus Sustainable Livelihoods: The Collapse of the Newfoundland Cod Fishery

The term "sustainable development" is only half of the gestalt of sustainability, the other being "sustainable livelihoods." The collapse of the Northwest Atlantic cod fishery off the province of

Was an increase in natural mortality responsible for the collapse off northern cod

A statistical model is constructed to test the hypothesis that the collapse of the northern Atlantic cod fishery was caused by an increase in natural mortality in the first half of 1991 and suggests that overfishing was sufficiently high in recent years to support this hypothesis.

Regulating the Newfoundland Inshore Fishery: Traditional Values Versus State Control in the Regulation of a Common Property Resource

Abstract: This paper focuses upon how the values inherent in the theory of common property resource management relate to the regulatory of the inshore fishery of Newfoundland. This theory, drawing

An inshore fishery: A commercially viable industry or an employer of last resort

Abstract Traditional fisheries often coexist tenuously with modern economies. Within Canada, Newfoundland has a heavily subsidized groundfishery. Despite repeated crises and innumerable studies, the

Why fisheries collapse and what to do about it.

  • J. RoughgardenF. Smith
  • Environmental Science, Economics
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1996
A new approach to fishery management is illustrated with the recently collapsed Newfoundland fishing industry, which is expected to rebuild to an ecologically stable level in about 9 years and thereafter support an annual harvest of about 75% of the 1981-1990 average.

Fisheries Policy and the Survival of Fishing Communities in Eastern Canada

Since the introduction of deep-sea fishing technology in the 1970s, fisheries policy in Canada has increasingly favoured large corporate enterprises. The deep-sea fleets have been seen as highly

Fishing in the Cold War: Canada, Newfoundland and the International Politics of the Twelve-Mile Fishing Limit, 1958-1969

The intensification of offshore fishing by European trawlers in the northwest Atlantic in the 1950s and 1960s had many repercussions for the Newfoundland fishery. With only a three-mile fishing limit
...