The New Synthesis in Moral Psychology

@article{Haidt2007TheNS,
  title={The New Synthesis in Moral Psychology},
  author={J. Haidt},
  journal={Science},
  year={2007},
  volume={316},
  pages={1002 - 998}
}
  • J. Haidt
  • Published 2007
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Science
People are selfish, yet morally motivated. Morality is universal, yet culturally variable. Such apparent contradictions are dissolving as research from many disciplines converges on a few shared principles, including the importance of moral intuitions, the socially functional (rather than truth-seeking) nature of moral thinking, and the coevolution of moral minds with cultural practices and institutions that create diverse moral communities. I propose a fourth principle to guide future research… Expand

Topics from this paper

Toward an Integrated Science of Morality
This chapter constructs a sociological mantle for morality and the mind by specifying broad theoretical traditions in the sociological literature on structure, culture, and interaction amenable toExpand
Morality
  • J. Haidt
  • Medicine
  • Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2008
TLDR
It is suggested that both lines of moral psychology have limited themselves to the moral domain prescribed by the liberation narrative, and so one future step for moral psychology should be to study alternative moral perspectives, particularly religious and politically conservative ones in which morality is, in part, about protecting groups, institutions, and souls. Expand
On the Social Dimensions of Moral Psychology
Contemporary moral psychology has been enormously enriched by recent theoretical developments and empirical findings in evolutionary biology, cognitive psychology and neuroscience, and socialExpand
Moral Foundations Theory: The Pragmatic Validity of Moral Pluralism
Where does morality come from? Why are moral judgments often so similar across cultures, yet sometimes so variable? Is morality one thing, or many? Moral Foundations Theory (MFT) was created toExpand
Empathy for education : a naturalist utilitarian argument
In this work I argue that opportunities exist to develop frameworks for moral or empathy education (hereafter EfE) more consistent with emerging understandings of the way we arrive at moralExpand
The Rationality of Ultimate Concern: Moral Exemplars, Theological Ethics, and the Science of Moral Cognition
Abstract This paper argues that consideration of moral exemplars may provide a means for integrating insights across philosophical ethics, theological ethics, and the scientific study of moralExpand
Running head: MORAL FOUNDATIONS THEORY
Where does morality come from? Why are moral judgments often so similar across cultures, yet sometimes so variable? Is morality one thing, or many? Moral Foundations Theory (MFT) was created toExpand
Morality (in Handbook of Social Psychology)
This chapter assesses the state of the art in moral psychology from a social-psychological perspective. We begin with the story of the “great narrowing” — the historical process in which morality gotExpand
The Justice/Morality Link
Few social psychologists who study justice would deny its roots in moral philosophy. Yet, explicit linkages between justice and morality have been relatively rare until recently. This chapter firstExpand
Surveying the Moral Landscape
  • R. Janoff-Bulman, Nate C. Carnes
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 2013
TLDR
This model challenges the conclusions of Haidt and colleagues that only conservatives (not liberals) are group oriented and embrace a binding morality and explores the implications of this new model for politics in particular and for the self-regulation versus social regulation of morality more generally. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 57 REFERENCES
Moral Minds: How Nature Designed Our Universal Sense of Right and Wrong
Scholars have long argued that moral judgements arise from rational deliberations about what society determines is right and wrong. This has generated the idea that our moral psychology is founded onExpand
The emotional dog and its rational tail: a social intuitionist approach to moral judgment.
  • J. Haidt
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Psychological review
  • 2001
TLDR
The author gives 4 reasons for considering the hypothesis that moral reasoning does not cause moral judgment; rather, moral reasoning is usually a post hoc construction, generated after a judgment has been reached. Expand
An fMRI Investigation of Emotional Engagement in Moral Judgment
TLDR
It is argued that moral dilemmas vary systematically in the extent to which they engage emotional processing and that these variations in emotional engagement influence moral judgment. Expand
The Role of Conscious Reasoning and Intuition in Moral Judgment
TLDR
The moral principles used in judgment must be directly compared with those articulated in justification, and doing so shows that some moral principles are available to conscious reasoning whereas others are not. Expand
Prosocial Motivation: Is it ever Truly Altruistic?
Publisher Summary Prosocial motivation is egoistic when the ultimate goal is to increase one's own welfare; it is altruistic when the ultimate goal is to increase another's welfare. The view that allExpand
Social functionalist frameworks for judgment and choice: intuitive politicians, theologians, and prosecutors.
Research on judgment and choice has been dominated by functionalist assumptions that depict people as either intuitive scientists animated by epistemic goals or intuitive economists animated byExpand
How (and where) does moral judgment work?
TLDR
Findings in psychology and cognitive neuroscience indicate the importance of affect, although they allow that reasoning can play a restricted but significant role in moral judgment, and point towards a preliminary account of the functional neuroanatomy of moral judgment. Expand
The intelligence of the moral intuitions: comment on Haidt (2001).
TLDR
There is considerable evidence from outside the laboratory that people actively engage in reasoning when faced with real-world moral dilemmas, which limits the strong claims of the social intuitionist model concerning the irrelevance of conscious deliberation. Expand
The Neural Bases of Cognitive Conflict and Control in Moral Judgment
TLDR
The present results indicate that brain regions associated with abstract reasoning and cognitive control are recruited to resolve difficult personal moral dilemmas in which utilitarian values require "personal" moral violations, violations that have previously been associated with increased activity in emotion-related brain regions. Expand
Darwin's Cathedral: Evolution, Religion, and the Nature of Society
One of the great intellectual battles of modern times is between evolution and religion. Until now, they have been considered completely irreconcilable theories of origin and existence. David SloanExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...