The Network Structure of Exploration and Exploitation

  title={The Network Structure of Exploration and Exploitation},
  author={David Lazer and Allan Friedman},
  journal={Administrative Science Quarterly},
  pages={667 - 694}
Whether as team members brainstorming or cultures experimenting with new technologies, problem solvers communicate and share ideas. This paper examines how the structure of communication networks among actors can affect system-level performance. We present an agent-based computer simulation model of information sharing in which the less successful emulate the more successful. Results suggest that when agents are dealing with a complex problem, the more efficient the network at disseminating… 
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Organizations and Complexity: Searching for the Edge of Chaos
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Propagation of innovations in networked groups.
A novel paradigm was developed to study the behavior of groups of networked people searching a problem space and it was demonstrated that the optimal network structure depends on the problem space being explored, with networks that incorporate spatially based cliques having an advantage for problems that benefit from broad exploration.
Imitation of Complex Strategies
A simple model is developed that parametrizes the two aspects of strategic complexity: the number of elements in a strategy and the interactions among those elements and shows that complexity makes the search for an optimal strategy intractable in the technical sense of the word provided by the theory of NP-completeness.
Networks, Diversity, and Productivity: The Social Capital of Corporate R&D Teams
We argue that the debate regarding the performance implications of demographic diversity can be usefully reframed in terms of the network variables that reflect distinct forms of social capital.
Temporarily Divide to Conquer: Centralized, Decentralized, and Reintegrated Organizational Approaches to Exploration and Adaptation
It is found that if interactions among a firm’s activities are pervasive, neither the centralized nor the permanently decentralized organizational structure leads to high performance, and temporary decentralization—an organizational structure that has not found much attention in the literature—yields the highest long-term performance.
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An agent- based simulation in which multidepartment firms with different designs face environments whose turbulence and complexity the authors control is constructed, suggesting how future empirical studies of organizational design might be fruitfully coupled with rigorous agent-based modeling efforts.
Discovery and Diffusion of Knowledge in an Endogenous Social Network1
The authors explore the evolution of the structure and performance of a social network in a population of individuals who search for local optima in diverse and dynamic environments. Individuals
Dynamics of Organizations: Computational Modeling and Organizational Theories
This book shows how state-of-the-art simulation methods, including genetic algorithms, neural networks, and cellular automata, can be brought to bear on central problems of organizational theory related to the emergence, permanence, and dissolution of hierarchical macrostructures.
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This paper considers the relation between the exploration of new possibilities and the exploitation of old certainties in organizational learning. It examines some complications in allocating