The Neolithic Demographic Transition in the U.S. Southwest

  title={The Neolithic Demographic Transition in the U.S. Southwest},
  author={Timothy A. Kohler and Matt Glaude and Jean-Pierre Bocquet-Appel and Brian M. Kemp},
  journal={American Antiquity},
  pages={645 - 669}
Maize agriculture was practiced in the U.S. Southwest slightly before 2000 B.C., but had a negligible impact on population growth rates until the development or introduction of more productive landraces; the ability to successfully cultivate maize under a greater variety of conditions, with dry farming especially important; the addition of beans, squash, and eventually turkey to the diet; increased sedentism; and what we infer to be the remapping of exchange networks and the development of… 

Long and spatially variable Neolithic Demographic Transition in the North American Southwest

  • T. KohlerK. Reese
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2014
Significance Population size greatly affects the human condition but is difficult for archaeologists to estimate. For the Neolithic North American Southwest, we use indirect methods to estimate birth

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It is concluded that the hypothesis that Proto-Uto-Aztecan (PUA) farmers migrating from a homeland in Mesoamerica introduced maize agriculture to the region is untenable and that the available data indicate instead a Great Basin homeland for the PUA.

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Demography of the Early Neolithic Population in Central Balkans: Population Dynamics Reconstruction Using Summed Radiocarbon Probability Distributions

The results suggest that the cultural process that underlies the patterns observed in Central and Western Europe was also in operation in the Central Balkan Neolithic and that the population increase component of this process can be considered as an important factor for the spread of the Neolithic as envisioned in the demic diffusion hypothesis.



New World Settlement Evidence for a Two‐Stage Neolithic Demographic Transition1

  • M. Bandy
  • Economics
    Current Anthropology
  • 2005
The adoption of an agricultural village lifeway roughly coincided with a great increase in the absolute number of humans and in the size of human communities. This increase in the growth rate of

Evaluating the Emergence of Early Villages in the North American Southwest in Light of the Proposed Neolithic Demographic Transition

Between AD 760 and 880 villages of 70 to more than 400 people formed rapidly in the Mesa Verde region of the North American Southwest. The emergence of the earliest villages appears to be linked to

Historical Ecology in the Mesa Verde Region: Results from the Village Ecodynamics Project

Using the occupation histories of 3,176 habitation sites, new estimates of maize-agriculture productivity, and an analysis of over 1,700 construction timbers, we examine the historical ecology of

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During virtually the entire four-million-year history of our habitation on this planet, humans have been hunters and gatherers, dependent for nourishment on the availability of wild plants and

Expected palaeoanthropological and archaeological signal from a Neolithic demographic transition on a worldwide scale

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Documenting plant domestication: the consilience of biological and archaeological approaches.

  • B. D. Smith
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2001
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Maize has been described as a primary catalyst to complex sociocultural development in the Americas. State of the art research on maize chronology, molecular biology, and stable carbon isotope