The Neolithic Demographic Transition and its Consequences

  title={The Neolithic Demographic Transition and its Consequences},
  author={Helena Fracchia},
Jean-Pierre Bocquet-Appel, Ofer Bar-Yosef: Introduction : Demographic prehistory at the time of globalization,- Part 1: Demographic and Economic Dimensions of the NDT: Peter Bellwood and Marc Oxenham: The expansions of farming societies and the role of the Neolithic demographic transition,- Jean-Pierre Bocquet-Appel: Questions concerning the pattern of the Neolithic demographic transition inferred from cemetery data,- Emma Guerrero et al: The signal of the Neolithic demographic transition in… 

Explaining the Neolithic Demographic Transition

  • J. Bocquet-Appel
  • Economics
    The Neolithic Demographic Transition and its Consequences
  • 2008
Three main questions are raised in this chapter. 1. The part of the signal of the NDT which is demographically identifiable, based on the proportion of the immature skeletons in cemeteries, shows

Expansion of the Neolithic in Southeastern Europe: wave of advance fueled by high fertility and scalar stress

What was driving the migrations of the first farmers across Europe? How were demography, society, and environment interconnected to give rise to the macroregional expansion pattern that archaeology

Evolutionary Demography and the Population History of the European Early Neolithic

Abstract In this paper I propose that evolutionary demography and associated theory from human behavioral ecology provide a strong basis for explaining the available evidence for the patterns

Demography of the Early Neolithic Population in Central Balkans: Population Dynamics Reconstruction Using Summed Radiocarbon Probability Distributions

The results suggest that the cultural process that underlies the patterns observed in Central and Western Europe was also in operation in the Central Balkan Neolithic and that the population increase component of this process can be considered as an important factor for the spread of the Neolithic as envisioned in the demic diffusion hypothesis.

When the World’s Population Took Off: The Springboard of the Neolithic Demographic Transition

During the economic transition from foraging to farming, the signal of a major demographic shift can be observed in cemetery data of world archaeological sequences, which expresses an increase in the input into the age pyramids of the corresponding living populations with an estimated rise in the total fertility rate.

The Neolithic Demographic Transition in the U.S. Southwest

Maize agriculture was practiced in the U.S. Southwest slightly before 2000 B.C., but had a negligible impact on population growth rates until the development or introduction of more productive

The Neolithic Demographic Transition in the Central Balkans: population dynamics reconstruction based on new radiocarbon evidence

The results suggest that there was an increase in population size after the first farmers arrived to the study area around 6250 BC, which lasted for approximately 250 years and was followed by a decrease in the population size proxy after 6000 BC, reaching its minimum around 5800 BC.

Demographic Continuities and Discontinuities in Neolithic Europe: Evidence, Methods and Implications

Observations of continuities and discontinuities in the archaeological record depend in important ways on the spatial and temporal scale at which we make the observations, which are in turn affected

Long and spatially variable Neolithic Demographic Transition in the North American Southwest

  • Timothy A. KohlerKelsey M. Reese
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2014
Significance Population size greatly affects the human condition but is difficult for archaeologists to estimate. For the Neolithic North American Southwest, we use indirect methods to estimate birth

New World Settlement Evidence for a Two‐Stage Neolithic Demographic Transition1

  • M. Bandy
  • Economics
    Current Anthropology
  • 2005
The adoption of an agricultural village lifeway roughly coincided with a great increase in the absolute number of humans and in the size of human communities. This increase in the growth rate of

Demographic model of the Neolithic transition in Central Europe

Several recent lines of evidence indicate more intensive contact between LBK farmers and indigenous foragers in Central Europe (5600–5400 calBC). Strong continuity has been identified between

Life in Neolithic Farming Communities: Social Organization, Identity, and Differentiation

Part I: Introduction. 1. Social Configurations of the Near Eastern Neolithic: An Introduction I. Kuijt. Part II: Sedentism, Early Villages and Households in Transition. 2. Early Sedentism in the Near

Testing the Hypothesis of a Worldwide Neolithic Demographic Transition

The signal of a major demographic change characterized by a relatively abrupt increase in the proportion of immature skeletons has been detected in a paleoanthropological database of 38

The origins of sedentism and farming communities in the Levant

Particular geographic features of the Mediterranean Levant underlie the subsistence patterns and social structures reconstructed from the archaeological remains of Epi-Paleolithic groups. The

From sedentary foragers to village hierarchies: The emergence of social institutions

IDENTIFYING THE TRACES OF VARIOUS TYPES of social organizations and institutions in the archaeological residues by reference to those known to us from historical and ethnographic records is

What Do We Know about the Agricultural Demographic Transition?

Although the model of the agricultural demographic transition as outlined here may be correct, researchers should remain aware of the underlying assumptions and be open to future empirical evidence.

Anthropology and Demography: The Mutual Reinforcement of Speculation and Research [and Comments and Reply]

Most demographic theory attempts to explain changes in fertility and mortality and much of it rests on anthropological assumptions. Yet the scale and quality of the anthropological work designed to

Pretransitional population control and equilibrium

The absence of population limitation in pre-Neolithic times implies high mortality as well as high fertility, and weakens the argument positing a Neolithic mortality crisis.