The Natufian culture in the Levant, threshold to the origins of agriculture

  title={The Natufian culture in the Levant, threshold to the origins of agriculture},
  author={Ofer Bar‐Yosef},
  journal={Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues},
The aim of this paper is to provide the reader with an updated description of the archeological evidence for the origins of agriculture in the Near East. Specifically, I will address the question of why the emergence of farming communities in the Near East was an inevitable outcome of a series of social and economic circumstances that caused the Natufian culture to be considered the threshold for this major evolutionary change.1–4 The importance of such an understanding has global implications… Expand
Preserving Cultural Traditions in a Period of Instability: The Late Natufian of the Hilly Mediterranean Zone1
The Near East and in particular the Levantine Corridor (fig. 1) have been a focus of research into the origins of food production since the 19th century. Indeed, in recent decades this region hasExpand
The pattern of Neolithization in Dakhleh Oasis in the Eastern Sahara
Abstract The Neolithic, characterized by V.G. Childe as a critical turning point in the human chronicle, entailed a major economic change, the domestication of plants and animals, plus accompanyingExpand
The Climatic Origins of the Neolithic Revolution : A Theory of Long-Run Development via Climate-Induced Technological Progress
This research examines the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture and sheds new light on the emergence of farming by focusing on the interplay among environmental conditions,Expand
The emergence of the Neolithic in the Near East: A protracted and multi-regional model
Abstract The spread of the Neolithic from its area of origin in the Fertile Crescent into Europe, North Africa and Central Asia, vast regions with high ecological and geographical disparity, in aExpand
Neolithic Corporate Identities
This chapter tackles one of the most enduring questions posed by prehistoric archaeology worldwide attracting the interest of prehistorians, anthropologists, economists, geographers and naturalExpand
Traces of Inequality at the Origins of Agriculture in the Ancient Near East
Some thoughts and ideas concerning the close relationship between the origins of agriculture and the emergence of social inequality were previously expressed by one of us (Price 1995) in the volumeExpand
ChangingParadigmsinOurUnderstanding of the Transition to Agriculture: Human Bioarchaeology,BehaviourandAdaptation
The evolution and history of our species is often considered as a series of major transitions and processes of evolution, which collectively ‘make’ us human (Klein, 2009). In this context, it is easyExpand
A Contextual Approach to the Emergence of Agriculture in Southwest Asia
The scale and nature of early cultivation are topics that have received relatively limited attention in research on the origins of agriculture. In Southwest Asia, one the earliest centers of originExpand
The Origins of Cattle
The transformation of early human economies from nomadic hunter–gatherers to farmers is a pivotal moment in human evolution and encompassed the domestication of a variety of plants and animals and requires a combination of classical and molecular approaches. Expand
Beyond Boundaries: Nature, Culture and a Holistic Approach to Domestication in the Levant
The main objective of this paper is to suggest an alternative approach for the investigation of domestication in the Levant. First, basic data regarding domestication in the Levant are presented.Expand


Agricultural origins in the Near East: A model for the 1980s
Abstract The traditional model supposed that farming developed rapidly in the Near East during the eighth millennium be. It was preceded by the formation of sedentary settlements in some areas. FreshExpand
The origins of sedentism and farming communities in the Levant
Particular geographic features of the Mediterranean Levant underlie the subsistence patterns and social structures reconstructed from the archaeological remains of Epi-Paleolithic groups. TheExpand
Communal Hunting in the Natufian of the Southern Levant: The Social and Economic Implications
The Natufian culture of Palestine has been seen as an important state in the progression from hunting and gathering to food production. Henry (1875) first suggested that the Natufians used traps orExpand
The Epi-Palaeolithic Southern Levant and the Origins of Cultivation
him to stress differences as opposed to similarities. Problems in identifying the economic basis of social complexity in the well-documented archaeological record for Oaxaca and the Black WarriorExpand
The Origins and Spread of Agriculture and Pastoralism in Eurasia
Introduction, David Harris. Part 1 Thematic perspectives: growing plants and raising animals - an anthropological perspective on domestication, Tim Ingold ecology, evolutionary theory andExpand
The Natufian entity was first identified and described in the early 1930s by D. Garrod (39) following her excavations at the Shukba Cave in the Samaria (Figure 1). Other assemblages identified asExpand
The food crisis in prehistory. Overpopulation and the origins of agriculture
The authors of this monumental work are aiming at a wide audience ranging from the Egyptologist to the inquisitive general reader. For the latter there is a general introduction concerning AncientExpand
The Ecology of Seasonal Stress and the Origins of Agriculture in the Near East
The time, place, and reasons for the first domestication of cereals and legumes in the Near East can now be securely identified using combined evidence from paleoenvironmental studies, models ofExpand
Pre-Pottery Neolithic A Settlement Variability: Evidence for Sociopolitical Developments in the Southern Levant
Despite considerable archaeological research, it is only since the mid-1980s that sites dating to the foraging/farming transition, generally known as the Pre-Pottery Neolithic A period (PPNA) (ca.Expand
Pleistocene To Holocene Transition and Human Economy in Southwest Asia: the Impact of the Younger Dryas
We present new evidence suggesting that the Late Glacial worldwide episode of cooling known as the Younger Dryas (ca. 11,000-10,000 B.P.) had a significant impact on climate, vegetation, and humanExpand