The National Collegiate Athletic Association Cartel: Why it Exists, How it Works, and What it Does

@article{Sanderson2018TheNC,
  title={The National Collegiate Athletic Association Cartel: Why it Exists, How it Works, and What it Does},
  author={Allen R. Sanderson and John J. Siegfried},
  journal={Review of Industrial Organization},
  year={2018},
  volume={52},
  pages={185-209}
}
AbstractIn this essay we consider why American colleges and universities participate in big-time commercialized intercollegiate sports, and how sports came to play such a prominent role on American college and university campuses. We also review how the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) developed as a body to regulate player safety and transformed itself into an economic regulator, the means by which the NCAA attempts to maintain its control, increase revenues, and reduce costs… 
Universities Behaving Badly: The Impact of Athletic Malfeasance on Student Quality and Enrollment
National accolades and positive media attention are frequently lavished upon successful collegiate sports programs. Correspondingly, studies have demonstrated that universities often benefit from the
The Impact of Basketball Malfeasance on the University and its Rankings
Collegiate sports have a profound impact on a university beyond athletics. Successfully managed athletics have been shown to have a positive impact on the institution. Likewise, unsuccessful
How the Perception of Athletic Academic Services affects the overall College Experience of Freshmen Student-Athletes
More and more intercollegiate athletics programs are allocating strategic resources toward building attractive athletics facilities, lavish training and academic complexes, and high-quality support
The impact of NCAA men’s basketball probations on the quantity and quality of student applications and enrollment
ABSTRACT Collegiate sports programmes have been characterized as the front porch of a university, serving to publicize the institution and draw students to the door. Previous research in this area
The NCAA’s Graduation Success Rate: How Successful Is It?
The Graduation Success Rate (GSR) plays a critical role supporting the NCAA’s Collegiate Model of amateur college athletics. The NCAA created the GSR to correct a statistical bias in the legally
A Deficiency of Donors or an Abundance of Barriers? Title IX Fundraising Challenges from the Perspective of Athletic Department Fundraisers
This paper explores how Title IX effects college athletic fundraising, particularly how athletic fundraisers creates an unfair environment for non-football and basketball programs. Using distributive
Sports scholarships in Ireland: a review of the issues
Abstract Sport and education are two of the major institutions of our society. They interact with each other and with other institutions to contribute to what we commonly regard as culture and
“We don’t always get it right”: Coaches’ perspectives on supporting injured athletes
TLDR
Perceptions of their role during rehabilitation, use of International Sport Coaching Framework knowledge types to support injured athletes, and perceived barriers to providing support are analyzed to identify effective uses of coaching knowledge to improve athletes’ injury rehabilitation.
The negative effect of NCAA football bowl bans on university enrolment and applications
ABSTRACT Universities provide consumption amenities to students in addition to their educational services. Collegiate sports programs have been characterized as one of these consumption amenities.
Division II Football Players' Perceptions of NCAA and Finding Balance Between Athletics and Education
Division II Football Players’ Perceptions of NCAA and Finding Balance Between Athletics and Education by Morgan Laine Lehman MA, University of Indianapolis, 2013 BA, University of North Carolina
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 38 REFERENCES
The National Collegiate Athletic Association: A Study in Cartel Behavior
Intercollegiate sports is an enterprise that annually grosses over $1 billion in income. Some schools may receive more than $20 million from athletic programs, perhaps as much as $10 million simply
A Troubled Cartel: The NCAA
Despite the claims of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) that it is a champion of amateur athletics and physical fitness in colleges and universities, the NCAA is in fact a business
Challenging the Myth : A Review of the Links Among College Athletic Success , Student Quality , and Donations by
Do successful college athletic programs stimulate additional applications from prospective students and greater contributions by alumni and other donors? And if so, is it likely that additional
The Case for Paying College Athletes
Big-time commercialized intercollegiate athletics has attracted considerable attention in recent years. Popularity of this uniquely American activity, measured by attendance, television ratings, or
Does Athletic Success Generate Legislative Largess from Sports-Crazed Representatives? the Impact of Athletic Success on State Appropriations to Colleges and Universities
State supported universities have been investing considerable sums in intercollegiate athletics in the hope that such investments will pay off in terms of increased enrollments, improved student
The Economics of Intercollegiate Sports
Why do universities place so much emphasis on athletics? Are the salaries of head coaches excessive? Should student-athletes be paid? Why is there so much cheating in college sports? Should athletic
What Does Intercollegiate Athletics Do To or For Colleges and Universities
What tangible benefit do universities who participate in major televised sports achieve from their commitment? The essay reviews the evidence on the gains in public funding, attraction of
Football as a Status System in U.S. Higher Education
Sociologists have focused almost exclusively on academic aspects of status in higher education, despite the prominence of nonacademic activities, specifically athletics, in U.S. colleges and
Opportunistic Behavior in a Cartel Setting
The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) governs athletics at colleges and universities in the United States. Economists commonly view the NCAA as a cartel. We empirically reexamine
The NCAA Athletics Arms Race: Theory and Evidence
We develop and empirically test a model of intercollegiate athletic department expenditure decisions. The model extends general dynamic models of nonprice competition and includes the idea that
...
...