The NHLBI twin study of cardiovascular disease risk factors: methodology and summary of results.

Abstract

Coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors were studied in 250 monozygotic (MZ) and 264 dizygotic (DZ) male veteran twin pairs, aged 42-56. All coronary heart disease risk factors studied showed significant correlations in both MZ and DZ twins. Substantial genetic variation was detected for height, blood pressure, glucose intolerance, uric acid, plasma triglyceride, and relative weight but little or no significant genetic variability in low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), total plasma cholesterol or hematocrit was demonstrable. These findings suggest that familial aggregation results from genetic influence on blood pressure, glucose intolerance, uric acid, triglyceride and, possibly, obesity, while largely shared environmental factors contribute to familial similarities in HDL, LDL, total cholesterol and hematocrit.

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@article{Feinleib1977TheNT, title={The NHLBI twin study of cardiovascular disease risk factors: methodology and summary of results.}, author={M Feinleib and R J Garrison and R Fabsitz and J C Christian and Z Hrubec and N O Borhani and W B Kannel and R Rosenman and J T Schwartz and J O Wagner}, journal={American journal of epidemiology}, year={1977}, volume={106 4}, pages={284-5} }