The Myth of a No-NATO-Enlargement Pledge to Russia

  title={The Myth of a No-NATO-Enlargement Pledge to Russia},
  author={Mark Kramer},
  journal={The Washington Quarterly},
  pages={39 - 61}
  • M. Kramer
  • Published 2009
  • Economics
  • The Washington Quarterly
In the latter half of the 1990s, as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was preparing to expand its membership for the first time since the admission of Spain in 1982, Russian officials claimed that the entry of former Warsaw Pact countries into NATO would violate a solemn ‘‘pledge’’ made by the governments of West Germany and the United States in 1990 not to bring any former Communist states into the alliance. Anatolii Adamishin, who was Soviet deputy foreign minister in 1990… Expand
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