The Myth of Sexual Symmetry in Marital Violence

  title={The Myth of Sexual Symmetry in Marital Violence},
  author={Russell P. Dobash and Rebecca Emerson Dobash and Margo E. Wilson and M. Daly},
  journal={Social Problems},
A currently fashionable claim is that violence against husbands is about as prevalent as violence against wives; spousal violence has been said to be symmetrical in its extent, severity, intentions, motivational contexts, and even its consequences. The evidence for this alleged symmetry derives from two sources: (I) surveys employing the “Conflict Tactics Scales” (CTS), a checklist of self-reported “acts” perpetrated or experienced, and (2) U.S. homicide data. We criticize the claim of sexual… 

Gender Matters in Intimate Partner Violence

This chapter addresses the gender symmetry debate concerning intimate partner violence (IPV). I argue that: (1) gender matters at the individual psyche, micro-everyday, institutional, structural, and

Intimate Violence in Male Same-Sex Relationships

Despite findings suggesting a high prevalence of violence in male same-sex relationships, little is known about the characteristics of this violence. This study explored the general nature of male

Testing Johnson’s Typology: Is There Gender Symmetry in Intimate Terrorism?

The findings indicate that IT, as a type of violence, does not have the same characteristics when the victims are men, and appears to point to gender symmetry between women and men regarding IT.

The Extent and Gender Directionality of Intimate Partner Violence in Different Relationship Types: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

The domestic violence research indicates two different approaches to victims. On one hand, it is argued that violence is a masculine or patriarchal mechanism of control and superiority based on

Violent Acts and Injurious Consequences: An Examination of Competing Hypotheses About Intimate Partner Violence Using Agency-Based Data

  • T. Warner
  • Psychology, Law
    Journal of Family Violence
  • 2009
The current study proposed and tested a series of competing hypotheses about intimate partner violence in the 2006 National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS), a dataset of criminal incidents

The truth told by the body: Swiss medicolegal responses to intimate partner violence from a gender perspective

This paper offers new insights on the practical consequences of a gender-neutral framing of Intimate Partner Violence in a specific institutional context, showing how it results in differentiated

A Comparative Examination of Gender Perspectives on Violence

When violence is perceived and named as such, this raises implicit and explicit questions about the social order and power relationships. During the 1970s, naming gender-related violence was itself a

Measuring Physical Violence in Male Same-Sex Relationships

Previous research has not established whether standard violence measures are appropriate for assessing violence in same-sex relationships. This study, therefore, evaluated the structure of an

Are There Religious Variations in Domestic Violence?

It is found that regular attendance at religious services is inversely associated with self-reported perpetration of domestic violence for men and women, and men who hold much more conservative theological views than their partners are especially likely to perpetrate domestic violence.



The Efficacy of a Spouse Abuse Model in Accounting for Courtship Violence

A model consisting of social class, the balance of resources between partners, and experience with violence in the family of orientation—factors that have the greatest salience to spouse abuse—was

When Battered Women Use Violence: Husband-Abuse or Self-Defense?

Data is presented from 52 battered women on their motives for using violence against their partners and the concepts of “self-defense” and “fighting back” were significantly and positively correlated; that is, many women saw them as being the same.

Assessment of Wife Assault with the Conflict Tactics Scale: Using Couple Data to Quantify the Differential Reporting Effect.

The Straus Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS) has been used frequently in past research to assess incidents of assault between spouses. The majority of these studies have relied on CTS scores from only one

Male Abuse of a Married or Cohabiting Female Partner: The Application of Sociological Theory to Research Findings

  • D. Ellis
  • Sociology
    Violence and Victims
  • 1989
It is indicated that men are more likely to beat women they live with than those they have married, and the theoretical accounts of Goode and Gelles are used as a starting point for an explanation of this finding.

Violence in College Students' Dating Relationships

In a survey of 504 college students examining predictors of violence in heterosexual relationships, over half of both men and women had committed at least one physically violent act, and men more

Interpersonal Violence among Married and Cohabiting Couples.

Previous research on cohabitation and Levinger's (1965) model of marital cohesiveness and dissolution lead to the hypothesis that there is a higher level of violence in ongoing marriages than in

Domestic Violence in Criminal Court

Many states have recently passed new legislation to deal with spouse abuse, including several which have created a new criminal offense: domestic violence. This study examines all 1980 charges under

How Women Experience Battering: The Process of Victimization

Wife battering has gained recognition throughout the Western world as a widespread social problem, yet little is known about what it feels like to be battered by someone you love. We talked with more

Medicine and Patriarchal Violence: The Social Construction of a “Private” Event

Medicine's role in battering suggests that the services function to reconstitute the “private” world of patriarchal authority, with violence if necessary, against demands to socialize the labors of love.