The Multiple Pronunciations of Japanese Kanji: A Masked Priming Investigation

@article{Verdonschot2013TheMP,
  title={The Multiple Pronunciations of Japanese Kanji: A Masked Priming Investigation},
  author={Rinus G Verdonschot and Wido La Heij and Katsuo Tamaoka and Sachiko Kiyama and Wenping You and N. Schiller},
  journal={Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology},
  year={2013},
  volume={66},
  pages={2023 - 2038}
}
English words with an inconsistent grapheme-to-phoneme conversion or with more than one pronunciation (“homographic heterophones”; e.g., “lead”–/l∊d/, /lid/) are read aloud more slowly than matched controls, presumably due to competition processes. In Japanese kanji, the majority of the characters have multiple readings for the same orthographic unit: the native Japanese reading (KUN) and the derived Chinese reading (ON). This leads to the question of whether reading these characters also shows… 

Tables from this paper

The role of semantic processing in reading Japanese orthographies: an investigation using a script-switch paradigm

It is suggested that the role of semantic processing in Hiragana (but not Katakana) reading is more prominent than previously thought and thus, HiragANA is not likely to be processed strictly phonologically.

Effects of orthography in the picture-word task: Evidence from Japanese scripts

The picture-word task presents participants with a number of pictured objects together with a written distractor word superimposed upon each picture, and their task is to name the depicted object

The Phonological Unit of Japanese Kanji Compounds: A Masked Priming Investigation

The results indicate that the phonological unit involved when naming Kanji compounds is not the mora but the whole sound of each Kanji character.

Mora or more? The phonological unit of Japanese word production in the Stroop color naming task

It is shown that the overlap in the initial mora between the color name and the written distractor facilitates color naming independent of script type, and this results confirm the mora as the phonological unit of word production in Japanese.

Allograph Priming Is Based on Abstract Letter Identities: Evidence From Japanese Kana

This study investigated the influence of shared letter names by taking advantage of the fact that Japanese is written in two distinct writing systems, syllabic kana—that has two parallel forms, hiragana and katakana—and logographic kanji, and found that the kana primes produced substantially greater priming than the phonologically identical kanji prime, which is taken as evidence that allograph priming is based on abstract kana identity, not purely phonology.

Cross-script phonological priming with Japanese Kanji primes and English targets

Two experiments investigated whether Japanese–English bilinguals have integrated phonological stores for their two languages using a masked phonological priming task with Japanese Kanji (logographic)

Psycholinguistic norms for a set of 506 French compound words

This work provides psycholinguistic norms for a set of 506 French compound words, normed on seven characteristics: lexeme meaning dominance, semantic transparency, sensory experience, conceptual familiarity, imageability, age of acquisition (AoA) and subjective frequency.

www.kanjidatabase.com: a new interactive online database for psychological and linguistic research on Japanese kanji and their compound words

Two novel databases that can be used in psychological research using the Japanese language are constructed: a database containing a wide variety of properties on the latest 2136 Jōyō kanji, and a novel database containing 27,950 two-kanji compound words (or jukugo).

How form and structure of Chinese characters affect eye movement control

This study investigated the correlations between the form features and legibility of Chinese characters by employing the eye tracking method in two experiments: Experiment 1 examined factors

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 37 REFERENCES

The inconsistency of consistency effects in reading: the case of Japanese kanji phonology

It was concluded that for Kanji, phonology is dominantly computed at the word rather than at the character level.

Homophonic Context Effects when Naming Japanese Kanji: Evidence for Processing Costs?

It is found that pronouncing bare nouns in Japanese is sensitive to phonologically related context pictures, whereas this is not the case in Chinese, and the difference between these two languages is attributed to processing costs caused by multiple pronunciations for Japanese kanji.

The Effect of Morphemic Homophony on the Processing of Japanese Two-kanji Compound Words

Two experiments investigated the effect of kanji morphemic homophony on lexical decision and naming. Effects were examined from both the left-hand and right-hand positions of Japanese two-kanji

The Consistency of Multiple-Pronunciation Effects in Reading: The Case of Japanese Logographs

Naming latencies were measured for single- and multiple-reading (pronunciation) kanji words with two frequency levels in Experiment 1. Results showed that multiple-reading kanji are named much slower

A tale of two frequencies: Determining the speed of lexical access for Mandarin Chinese and English compounds

Two picture naming experiments show that compound word production in Mandarin Chinese and in English is determined by the compound's whole-word frequency, and not by its constituent morpheme frequency, consistent with models of lexical access.

Pronunciation of homographs

Spelling-sound effects in reading: Time-course and decision criteria

The time-course model of word recognition suggests that effects of irregular spelling or pronunciation should be specific to more slowly recognized words, such as lower frequency items, as shown in previous studies and replicated here.

THE INFORMATION PROCESSING OF CHINESE CHARACTERS (KANJI): CHINESE READING, JAPANESE READING AND THE ATTACHMENT OF MEANING

  • Psychology
  • 2010
THE INFORMATION PROCESSING OF CHINESE CHARACTERS (KANJI): CHINESE READING, JAPANESE READING AND THE ATTACHMENT OF MEANING YUKIMASA NOM Department of Psychology, Kansai University To investigate the

The effect of visually masked syllable primes on the naming latencies of words and pictures

To investigate the role of the syllable in Dutch speech production, five experiments were carried out to examine the effect of visually masked syllable primes on the naming latencies for written