The Motivational Theory of Role Modeling: How Role Models Influence Role Aspirants’ Goals

@article{Morgenroth2015TheMT,
  title={The Motivational Theory of Role Modeling: How Role Models Influence Role Aspirants’ Goals},
  author={Thekla Morgenroth and Michelle K. Ryan and Kim Peters},
  journal={Review of General Psychology},
  year={2015},
  volume={19},
  pages={465 - 483}
}
Role models are often suggested as a way of motivating individuals to set and achieve ambitious goals, especially for members of stigmatized groups in achievement settings. Yet, the literature on role models tends not to draw on the motivational literature to explain how role models may help role aspirants achieve these outcomes. In this paper, we introduce role aspirants and their motivational processes into an understanding of role modeling by drawing on expectancy–value theories of… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Who Do You Want to Be Like? Factors Influencing Early Adolescents’ Selection of Accessible and Inaccessible Role Models
This study investigates the impact of accessible and inaccessible role models on early adolescents’ conceptions of their identities. Accessible role models have regular direct interactions with
Superstars are not necessarily role models: Morality perceptions moderate the impact of competence perceptions on supervisor role modeling
There is a general assumption that we choose role models from the ranks of those who have demonstrated extraordinary competence. However, the person perception literature supports the expectation
Not All Scientists Are Equal: Role Aspirants Influence Role Modeling Outcomes in STEM
Abstract Three experiments examined how role aspirants’ (i.e., people exposed to role models) views of scientists’ exceptional talent affected motivation. Study 1 demonstrated that when exposed to a
Which role models are effective for which students? A systematic review and four recommendations for maximizing the effectiveness of role models in STEM
TLDR
A systematic narrative review of the literature investigated the effects of role models on students’ STEM motivation as a function of several key features of the role models and the students and concluded with four concrete recommendations for ensuring that STEM role models are motivating for students of all backgrounds and demographics.
Do aspirational role models inspire or backfire? Perceived similarity mediates the effect of role models on minority students’ college choices
ABSTRACT Drawing from psychological theory, an aspirational role model within college marketing materials may cause prospective students to be willing to make similar enrollment and academic choices
Now You See Me, Now You Don’t: A Conceptual Model of the Antecedents and Consequences of Leader Impostorism
Impostorism, a phenomenon whereby a person perceives that the role they occupy is beyond their capabilities and puts them at risk of exposure as a “fake,” has attracted plentiful attention in the
Role Modelling and Its Impact on the Self-Development of Academics
Academics in higher education are expected by their institutions to enhance their self-development. Role modelling is a means by which academics may achieve pertinent self-development goals. The
Legitimating negative behaviors in companies: Why the buck doesn’t stop with the leader
ABSTRACT Negative leadership may have drastic consequences for organizations and society. However, leaders do not operate independently but supervise followers who potentially perpetuate their
The mediating role of passion in entrepreneurship intention: Identity centrality and role models increase passion
entrepreneurial identity centrality, entrepreneurship intention, entrepreneurial passion, entrepreneurial role model Entrepreneurial passion is the key to starting a business. Passion motivates
Characteristics of good role models in sports and social life
Role models are important, especially to young children and adolescents. This study examined first the different characteristics a person needed to have to be able to become a role model. Second, it
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 152 REFERENCES
TO DO OR NOT TO DO: USING POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE ROLE MODELS TO HARNESS MOTIVATION
Abstract We examined role model preferences among individuals contemplating additive and subtractive behavior changes. Individuals considering engaging in a potentially beneficial activity, an
Motivation by positive or negative role models: regulatory focus determines who will best inspire us.
In 3 studies, the authors demonstrated that individuals are motivated by role models who encourage strategies that fit their regulatory concerns: Promotion-focused individuals, who favor a strategy
The Importance of Role Models and Demographic Context for Senior Women's Work Identity Development
The lack of senior female role models continues to be cited as a key barrier to women's career success. Yet there is little academic research into the gendered aspects of role modelling in
Inspirational or Self-Deflating
This research examines the role of self-efficacy in women’s responses to elite leadership role models. Previous research on role models has been equivocal, demonstrating that the impact of social
I Can Do That
TLDR
The authors demonstrated the causal role of implicit theories by manipulating participants’ theory of leadership ability and demonstrated that identification with the role model mediated the relationship between implicit theories and both confidence and affect.
Motivational beliefs, values, and goals.
TLDR
The authors end the chapter with a discussion of how to integrate theories of self-regulation and expectancy-value models of motivation and suggest new directions for future research.
Do Female and Male Role Models Who Embody STEM Stereotypes Hinder Women’s Anticipated Success in STEM?
Women who have not yet entered science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields underestimate how well they will perform in those fields (e.g., Correll, 2001; Meece, Parsons, Kaczala,
Effects of role model deservingness on overcoming performance deficits induced by stereotype threat
Previous research has shown that exposure to successful role models can restore performance that had been impaired by stereotype threat, and that some role models are more effective than others. The
The Motivational Effects of Charismatic Leadership: A Self-Concept Based Theory
The empirical literature on charismatic or transformational leadership demonstrates that such leadership has profound effects on followers. However, while several versions of charismatic leadership
Interactive Impact of Intrinsic Motivators and Extrinsic Rewards on Behavior and Motivation Outcomes
In this study we examined the interrelationship among extrinsic rewards and achievement goals (including a work-avoidance goal), competence beliefs, and task values associated with health-enhancing
...
1
2
3
4
5
...