The Morphology and Mechanics of Octopus Suckers.

@article{Kier1990TheMA,
  title={The Morphology and Mechanics of Octopus Suckers.},
  author={William M. Kier and Andrew M. Smith},
  journal={The Biological bulletin},
  year={1990},
  volume={178 2},
  pages={126-136}
}
The functional morphology of the suckers of several benthic octopus species was studied using histology and cinematography. The suckers consist of a tightly packed three-dimensional array of musculature. Three major muscle orientations are found in the wall of the sucker: (1) radial muscles that traverse the wall; (2) circular muscles that are oriented circumferentially around the sucker, including a major and minor sphincter muscle; and (3) meridional muscles that are oriented perpendicular to… CONTINUE READING

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