The Monuments That Stood before Marathon: Tomb Cult and Hero Cult in Archaic Attica

  title={The Monuments That Stood before Marathon: Tomb Cult and Hero Cult in Archaic Attica},
  author={James Whitley},
  journal={American Journal of Archaeology},
  pages={213 - 230}
  • James Whitley
  • Published 1 April 1994
  • History
  • American Journal of Archaeology
This paper seeks to relate the form of the Marathon tumulus to both tomb and hero cult as practiced in Attica in the Archaic period. Distinctions are made among various archaeological manifestations of hero cult and between two senses of the term heros in Archaic Greece. The named warrior heroes of the epic tradition are to be distinguished from the anonymous heroes whose cult was often located in or over Bronze Age tombs. The popularity or prevalence of various kinds of hero and tomb cult can… 

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    American Journal of Archaeology
  • 2004
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  • 1976

MvxrivaiFxr Axjp6roAtg (Athens 1962) 186 n. 361 for the Submycenaean vases apparently indicating Dark Age cult. For early mention of Erechtheus, see Hom. II. 2.546-56 and Od. 7.81

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Droop, "Excavations at Sparta 1909: The Menelaion," BSA 15 (1909) 108-57; and H.W. Catling, "Excavations at the Menelaion, Sparta, 1973-76,

  • For the Menelaion generally,
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Eretria III: L'Her6on a la Porte de l'Ouest (Bern

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Agora III: Literary and Epigraphical Testimonia (Princeton 1957) 93-97; and H.A

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