The Monuments That Stood before Marathon: Tomb Cult and Hero Cult in Archaic Attica

  title={The Monuments That Stood before Marathon: Tomb Cult and Hero Cult in Archaic Attica},
  author={James Whitley},
  journal={American Journal of Archaeology},
  pages={213 - 230}
  • James Whitley
  • Published 1 April 1994
  • History
  • American Journal of Archaeology
This paper seeks to relate the form of the Marathon tumulus to both tomb and hero cult as practiced in Attica in the Archaic period. Distinctions are made among various archaeological manifestations of hero cult and between two senses of the term heros in Archaic Greece. The named warrior heroes of the epic tradition are to be distinguished from the anonymous heroes whose cult was often located in or over Bronze Age tombs. The popularity or prevalence of various kinds of hero and tomb cult can… 

Remembering the Mycenaeans: how the ancient Greeks repurposed their prehistoric past

Supervisory Committee Dr. R. Brendan Burke, (Department of Greek and Roman Studies) Supervisor Dr. Geoffrey Kron, (Department of Greek and Roman Studies) Departmental Member This thesis argues that

The Appropriation of Death In Classical Athens

This thesis is about the change in Athenian burial practices between the Archaic and Classical periods (500-430 B.C.E.), within the oikos and the polis. I argue that during this period there was a

Old Cups Die Hard: The Appropriation of Athenian Pottery in the Iberian Peninsula

Abstract The Iberian archaeological record is particularly rich in asynchronous (i.e. chronologically mixed) assemblages including Athenian pots that predate the other items by a couple of decades or

Family, Community and Divinity in Pindar's Victory Odes

Andrew Morrison, in his recent chapter in Aegina: Contexts for Choral Lyric Poetry, proposes that there is an interesting comparison to be made between the elites of two ancient Greek communities:

Keimelia: Objects curated in the ancient Mediterranean (8th-5th centuries B.C.)

Archaeologists occasionally encounter artifacts that might be described as “curated” in antiquity either because these objects significantly predate the other items in their assemblage or exhibit


The Athenian recovery of Theseus’ bones from Scyros is known through a number of literary accounts spanning several centuries. The tradition dates the recovery to the early fifth century and connects

A PLACE OF BURNING: Hero or Ancestor Cult at Troy

Abstract:ABSTRACTThis article presents the evidence for Early Archaic ritual activity on the site of a Late Bronze Age cemetery a short distance outside the walls of Troy, at a spot known to

Heroic Offerings: The Terracotta Plaques from the Spartan Sanctuary of Agamemnon and Kassandra

This monograph is a contribution to the study of religion in Sparta, one of Greece’s most powerful poleis, whose history is well known but whose archaeology has been much less satisfactorily

Herodotus: Histories Book V

One of the most important works of history in Western literature, by the freshest and liveliest of all classical Greek prose authors, Herodotus's Histories is also a key text for the study of ancient

Figurines in the Road: A Protoattic Votive Deposit from the Athenian Agora Reexamined

Abstract:In 1933, Dorothy Burr published a catalogue of a large Protoattic votive deposit located near the southwest corner of the Athenian Agora. Included within the deposit are a number of



The Iconography of Mourning in Athenian Art

  • H. Shapiro
  • History
    American Journal of Archaeology
  • 1991
The lamentation and the commemoration of the dead as a central theme of Attic iconography is traced through the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. In the High Archaic period (ca. 540–490), a major motif

Die zehn attischen Phylenheroen: Geschichte, Mythos, Kult und Darstellungen (AM-BH

  • Mainz
  • 1976

MvxrivaiFxr Axjp6roAtg (Athens 1962) 186 n. 361 for the Submycenaean vases apparently indicating Dark Age cult. For early mention of Erechtheus, see Hom. II. 2.546-56 and Od. 7.81

  • For a skeptical view of the evidence,
  • 1962

Droop, "Excavations at Sparta 1909: The Menelaion," BSA 15 (1909) 108-57; and H.W. Catling, "Excavations at the Menelaion, Sparta, 1973-76,

  • For the Menelaion generally,
  • 1975

Eretria III: L'Her6on a la Porte de l'Ouest (Bern

  • 1970

Agora III: Literary and Epigraphical Testimonia (Princeton 1957) 93-97; and H.A

  • 1957