The Mongol Empire – the first ‘gunpowder empire’?

@article{Haw2013TheME,
  title={The Mongol Empire – the first ‘gunpowder empire’?},
  author={Stephen G. Haw},
  journal={Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society},
  year={2013},
  volume={23},
  pages={441 - 469}
}
  • S. G. Haw
  • Published 1 July 2013
  • History
  • Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society
Abstract This article uses Chinese sources to argue that a range of gunpowder weapons was already in use in China during the late tenth and early eleventh centuries, earlier than previously thought. ‘True firearms’, that is cannon or guns firing solid projectiles, had quite probably been developed by at least as early as 1200 ce. 

Revisiting the Dazu “Bombard” and the World’s Earliest Representation of a Gun

In 1988, Joseph Needham, Lu Gwei-Djen, and Pan Jixing published an article that declared to the world the discovery of the earliest known representation of a bombard, or gun. In the academic

Cathayan Arrows and Meteors: The Origins of Chinese Rocketry

Abstract Although it is now generally accepted that the rocket was invented in China, there is little agreement about exactly when this occurred. Various conflicting claims have been made, usually on

Ming China and Vietnam: Negotiating Borders in Early Modern Asia

Introduction: the power of names Part I. Southern Scholars in the North: 1. A brief history of Annan 2. A record of the dreams of an old southerner 3. The northern emperor and the southern emperor

The deaths of two Khaghans: a comparison of events in 1242 and 1260

The sudden Mongol withdrawal from Hungary in 1242 has been explained by historians in several ways and no consensus about the reason has ever been reached. Contrary to some previously expressed

Notes on the Invention of the First Gun: Conflict and Innovation in the Song Warring States Period (960-1279)

The invention of gunpowder and its first military applications during the Song Warring States period (960-1279) led directly to the invention of the first gun sometime in the thirteenth century.

Walls and Gates, Windows and Mirrors: Urban Defences, Cultural Memory, and Security Theatre in Song Kaifeng

Kaifeng, the capital of the Northern Song (960-1127) dynasty, boasted sophisticated siege defence installations, which were ultimately breached by the Jurchen invasion of 1126-1127. According to both

Biosystematic studies in the genus euphorbia L. in Nigeria

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 38 REFERENCES

Military technology : the gunpowder epic

The Gunpowder Epic is one of three planned publications on military technology within Dr Needham's immense undertaking. The discovery of gunpowder in China by the 9th century AD was followed by its

A history of Greek fire and gunpowder

For nearly 600 years, from the battles of the early fourteenth century to the dropping of the atomic bomb at Hiroshima, firearms derived from gunpowder and other chemicals defined the frightful

Cathayan Arrows and Meteors: The Origins of Chinese Rocketry

Abstract Although it is now generally accepted that the rocket was invented in China, there is little agreement about exactly when this occurred. Various conflicting claims have been made, usually on

The Decline and Fall of the Mongol Empire

  • D. Morgan
  • History
    Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society
  • 2009
Abstract When historians explain the end of empires, they often follow a ‘decline and fall’ paradigm which owes its fame to Edward Gibbon's great book on the Roman Empire. Recent historians of Late

The History of the Mongol Conquests

The Mongol conquests, culminating with the invasion of Europe in the middle of the thirteenth century, were of a scope and range never equaled. These nomadic peoples from central Asia briefly held

Science and civilisation in China

Chinese medicine heals in a world of unceasing transformation. This condition of constant change, this fluidity of material forms, stands in sharp contrast to a (modern Western) commonsense world of

Marco Polo's China: A Venetian in the Realm of Khubilai Khan

Introduction: Truth or Lies? 1. China Before the Mongol Conquest 2. The Mongols and their Conquests 3. The Journey and the Writing of the Book 4. No Great Wall? 5. Cities, Canals and Rivers 6.

Firearms: A Global History to 1700

Introduction: The Oikoumene The Steppe The Desert Logistics Cavalry Firearms China to 1500: The invention of firearms The rise of the Ming The Ming military The Hongwu campaigns The Yongle campaigns

The Oldest Representation of a Bombard

Une decouverte inattendue fut faite en 1985 par Robin Yates, lors de sa visite des grottes bouddhiques de Dazu, Sichuan : dans la grotte 149, une sculpture en haut-relief montre une bombarde tenue

Une bibliothèque médiévale retrouvée au Kan-sou

Avertissement L'éditeur du site « PERSEE » – le Ministère de la jeunesse, de l'éducation nationale et de la recherche, Direction de l'enseignement supérieur, Sous-direction des bibliothèques et de la