The Missionary Politics of Hugo Chávez

  title={The Missionary Politics of Hugo Ch{\'a}vez},
  author={Jos{\'e} Pedro Z{\'u}quete},
  journal={Latin American Politics and Society},
  pages={91 - 121}
Abstract Through the application of an analytical model categorized as “missionary,” this article examines the cultural and political-religious frames that sustain the leadership of Hugo Chávez. It demonstrates that missionary politics is a forceful presence in today's Venezuela, and should be understood as a form of political religion characterized by a dynamic relationship between a charismatic leader and a moral community that is invested with a mission of salvation against conspiratorial… 
Missionary Politics – A Contribution to the Study of Populism
The sacralization of politics is commonly studied in terms of movements and regimes of the past. This article explains and develops the political–religious concept of missionary politics as an
The Uses of Conspiracy Theories for the Construction of a Political Religion in Venezuela
This article analyses conspiracy theories as part of the wider discourses of missionary politics. It presents a case study of Venezuela and describes how its leaders use conspiracy theories as
Charismatic leadership and democracy in the Caribbean Basin: the constitutional legacies of Arnulfo Arias and Luis Muñoz Marín
Charismatic leadership contributed to the shaping of politics in Panama and Puerto Rico, in particular through the careers of Arnulfo Arias and Luis Muñoz Marín, respectively. Based on an examination
Hugo Chávez and the diffusion of Bolivarianism
ABSTRACTThis article analyses the mechanisms of influence, learning, and emulation used by Hugo Chavez to diffuse Bolivarianism across Latin America and the world. Different from autocratic types of
Populism, heroism, and revolution. Chávez’s cultural performances in Venezuela, 1999–2012
In recent decades, the sociological theory of action has paid a good deal of attention to the concept of performances. This is particularly the case for the Strong Program in Cultural Sociology’s
Rafael Correa’s Technopopulism in Comparative Perspective
This chapter compares Rafael Correa’s technocratic populism with past and contemporary populist administrations in Latin America. Correa embodied within his persona both the populist and the expert.
Utopian disjunctures: Popular democracy and the communal state in urban Venezuela
This article examines the Venezuelan government’s efforts to establish a ‘communal state’ through the eyes of working-class chavista activists in the city of Valencia. It argues that the attempt to
The Legacy of Hugo Chávez
In 1992, Lieutenant Colonel Hugo Chávez failed to replace the beleaguered government of President Carlos Andrés Pérez but succeeded in capturing the hearts and imaginations of a broad swath of the
Populism and Nationalism in Latin America
This article analyses the articulation of populism and nationalism in Peronism and Chavism. Despite their inclusionary policies, their redistribution of wealth and the expansion of social and
Hugo Chávez and the diffusion of Bolivarianism
ABSTRACT This article analyses the mechanisms of influence, learning, and emulation used by Hugo Chávez to diffuse Bolivarianism across Latin America and the world. Different from autocratic types of


Missionary Politics in Contemporary Europe
While Western Europe is widely considered to be the most secularized region of the world, Jose Pedro Zuquete asserts that, in certain cases, intense religion has manifested itself outside the church
Culture and Charisma: Outline of a Theory
From the work of Weber onwards charisma has been primarily explained in terms of its relationship to underlying social structural and psychological environments. The paper redresses this imbalance
The Radical Potential of Chavismo in Venezuela
The circumstances surrounding Hugo Chaivez's pursuit of power and the strategy he has adopted for achieving far-reaching change in Venezuela are in many ways without parallel in Latin American
The politics of faith and the politics of scepticism
In this carefully reasoned work, discovered after Michael Oakeshott's death in 1990 and here published for the first time, the preeminent political philosopher describes the fundamental dichotomy
Populism and the mirror of democracy
Populism raises awkward question about modern forms of democracy. It often represents the ugly face of the people. It is neither the highest form of democracy nor its enemy. It is, rather, a mirror
Political Leadership and the Problem of the Charismatic Power
THE TERM charisma and its derivatives, introduced into sociology many years ago by a German sociologist, has lately been spreading into political science here and abroad. The intellectuals' desire to
A meaningful interpretation of the dynamics of recent momentous historical changes - most notably the unexpected and surprising implosion of the Soviet empire in 1989-1990 - may be obtained by
Charisma: A Blighted Concept and an Alternative Formula
Guided by a quest for comprehending a political leader's popular appeal beyond the typical determinants, the charisma concept offers an obvious challenge. What is the symbolic appeal of an individual
The Constitutive Ambiguity of Populism
Has the Weberian disenchantment with the world finally freed people from the illusion that democracy is a panacea? For the past decade, once the glory and triumph of the western model over the
Populist seduction in Latin America : the Ecuadorian experience
Is Latin America experiencing a resurgence of leftwing governments, or are we seeing a rebirth of national-radical populism? Are the governments of Hugo Chavez, Evo Morales, and Rafael Correa