The Miocene floras of Iceland and their significance for late Cainozoic North Atlantic biogeography

  title={The Miocene floras of Iceland and their significance for late Cainozoic North Atlantic biogeography},
  author={Thomas Denk and Friðgeir Gr{\'i}msson and Zlatko Kva{\vc}ek},
  journal={Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society},
A large number of plant macrofossils from several Middle to Upper Miocene localities from Iceland have been studied. The fossil material includes four ferns and fern allies, seven conifers, and about 40 species of flowering plants. Betula islandica and Salix gruberi are described as new species. Coniferous twigs previously ascribed to the genus Sequoia are shown to belong to Cryptomeria based on macro-morphological and epidermal features. Fossil plants from Iceland are compared with coeval… 
The Early Late Miocene Floras – First Evidence of Cool Temperate and Herbaceous Taxa
A remarkable change is noticed in the 10 Ma floras of Iceland. In contrast to older floras, herbaceous elements become prominent in the palynological record, and, for the first time, small-leaved
A Lakeland Area in the Late Miocene
Fossil plants recovered from the Late Miocene (Messinian) Hreðavatn-Stafholt Formation grew in a landscape dominated by lakes of different sizes that were connected by small rivers and swampland.
Is the sword moss (Bryoxiphium) a preglacial Tertiary relict?
Palynology of the early Miocene Foulden Maar, Otago, New Zealand: Diversity following destruction
Smilax (Smilacaceae) from the Miocene of western Eurasia with Caribbean biogeographic affinities.
The new Smilax provides first fossil evidence of the Havanensis group and proves that this group had a western Eurasian distribution during the Miocene, providing evidence that all four subclades within the "New World clade" had a disjunct intercontinental distribution during parts of the Neogene involving trans-Atlantic crossings and the Beringia land bridge.
The Middle Late Miocene Floras – A Window into the Regional Vegetation Surrounding a Large Caldera
Terrestrial fossils from Late Miocene sediments in the Mokollsdalur area are mainly known for their insect fauna. Plant fossils and the sedimentological context suggest that most of the macrofossils
Pseudotsuga tanaii Huzioka from the earliest Miocene Shichiku Flora of northeast Japan: Systematics and ecological conditions
  • A. Yabe
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2011
The inferred habitat of Pseudotsuga tanaii and its age support the hypothesis based on molecular phylogeny and morphological analyses that the genus originated in the higher latitudes during the early Paleogene and migrated south following the climatic deterioration during the late Paleogene.


Revision of Early Miocene plants preserved in baked rocks in the North Bohemian tertiary.
Several localities ofporcelanite (baked clay) have yielded plant assemblages of Early Miocene age in the Most Basin and its periphery. They have been known since Sternberg's times and published
A Fossil Specimen of the North American Hickory Aphid (Longistigma caryae Harris), Found in Tertiary Deposits in Iceland
The find certifies paleobotanical evidence indicating that Iceland once belonged in the region of deciduous forests with a flora more like the modern eastern North American flora than any other modern flora region.
The Use of Geological and Paleontological Evidence in Evaluating Plant Phylogeographic Hypotheses in the Northern Hemisphere Tertiary
The history of the climatic and geographic features of the Tertiary of the Northern Hemisphere agrees with many phylogenetically based phylogeographic hypotheses of living angiosperm genera but indicates that some hypotheses require reanalysis.
Silicoflagellate assemblages of ODP Leg 104 Neogene sequences are the basis of an interpretation of changes in the Neogene paleoenvironment of the Norwegian Sea. Fluctuations in the percentages of
Precise dating of the Holmatindur cooling event in eastern Iceland: Evidence for mid‐Miocene bipolar glaciation
A succession of basaltic lavas, volcaniclastic sediments, and lignite beds in the Holmatindur region of eastern Iceland provides the means for Wing magnetic reversal stratigraphy and a record of
New species of Picea A. Dietrich (Pinaceae) from the middle Eocene of Axel Heiberg Island, Arctic Canada
Examination of the bracts of the Axel Heiberg spruces and all extant species of Picea indicates that bract morphology is distinctive for each species and useful for species circumscription.
Palynological evidence for Miocene climatic cooling in eastern Iceland about 9.8 Myr ago
The processes which led to the Pleistocene glaciations in the Northern Hemisphere are presently known only from fragmentary evidence of major Tertiary climatic cooling events1,2. Although there is
Neogene to Recent Palynostratigraphy of Circum-Arctic Basins: Results of ODP Leg 104, Norwegian Sea, Leg 105, Baffin Bay, and DSDP Site 611, Irminger Sea
ODP drilling in the Norwegian Sea (Leg 104) and Baffin Bay (Leg 105, Site 645) provided the first continuous cores for study of Neogene to recent paleoclimatic changes in the circum-Arctic basins of
Revisions to the Early Oligocene flora of Flörsheim (Mainz Basin, Germany) based on epidermal anatomy
The reconstructed fossil vegetation corresponds physiognomically and floristically to the humid subtropical Nothophyllous Broad-leaved Evergreen Forest of the East Asiatic type and indicates a warm climatic phase within the Oligocene.