The Minoan Origin of Tyrian Purple

@article{Stieglitz1994TheMO,
  title={The Minoan Origin of Tyrian Purple},
  author={Robert R. Stieglitz},
  journal={The Biblical Archaeologist},
  year={1994},
  volume={57},
  pages={46 - 54}
}
  • R. Stieglitz
  • Published 1 March 1994
  • Art
  • The Biblical Archaeologist
Tyrian purple was the most expensive dye in the ancient world. Manufactured from the secretions of species of the Mediterranean mollusk Murex, the discovery and distribution of "royal purple" are commonly credited to the Phœnicians. Yet archaeological and epigraphic data from the Aegean suggest that the "royal purple" industry first developed on Crete. Before 1750 BCE, Minoans on Crete and some Minoanized islanders, such as those on Kythera, were already manufacturing sea-purple, generating an… Expand
Mediterranean Royal Purple: Biology Through Ritual
TLDR
The history of Royal purple, the most famous indigoid dye of antiquity, is described, from its earliest traces, through its role in Jewish rituals, its rise to Roman regal attire, and its subsequent decline and final replacement by synthetic products. Expand
Perfumes, Aromatics, and Purple Dye: Phoenician Trade and Production in the Greco-Roman Period
This article examines the Phoenician contribution to the aromatic, perfume, and purple dye industries and resultant commerce during the Hellenistic and Roman periods. Although the archaeologicalExpand
High prestige Royal Purple dyed textiles from the Bronze Age royal tomb at Qatna, Syria
During the ongoing excavations in the palace of the famous Qatna complex, the excavators noted patches of brown staining on the floor of a high status tomb. Chemical extraction revealed the presenceExpand
An ancient fishery of Banded dye-murex (Hexaplex trunculus): zooarchaeological evidence from the Roman city of Pollentia (Mallorca, Western Mediterranean)
The Banded dye-murex (Hexaplex trunculus), the main component of the Purple dye, was one of the most valued marine resources in Roman times. Its ancient exploitation appears described in the writtenExpand
A Review on the Archaeological Chemistry of Shellfish Purple
Shellfish purple, also known as Tyrian purple and royal purple, has a long history, which has been revealed and documented in recent years through valid physicochemical studies using sophisticatedExpand
HPLC-PDA analysis of brominated indirubinoid, indigoid, and isatinoid dyes
The Purples and Violets of Phoenicia and of the Bible, the most royal and sacred of all ancient textile dyes, were produced from certain species of Levantine mollusks. The colors fashioned from theseExpand
Chapter 3 New Chemical Insights into the Ancient Molluskan Purple Dyeing Process
TLDR
A critical re-analysis of Pliny's and the Talmud’s writings, combined with the archaeological record and with modern laboratory experiments on all-natural dyeings, have provided new insights into the basic principles of chemistry associated with this craft. Expand
Colouring the Mediterranean: Production and Consumption of Purple-dyed Textiles in Pre-Roman Times
Purple textiles were highly valued in the ancient Mediterranean as a symbol of prestige, social status and power. Despite the numerous publications focused on the production and spread of purple dyeExpand
Late Minoan IB marine ware, the marine environment of the Aegean, and the Bronze Age eruption of the Thera volcano
  • P. Bicknell
  • Geology
  • Geological Society, London, Special Publications
  • 2000
Abstract Late Minoan IB fine ware pottery includes a number of decorative styles. The most spectacular of these is characterized by motifs, hitherto only rarely deployed by Cretan vase painters,Expand
Early evidence of royal purple dyed textile from Timna Valley (Israel)
TLDR
Three samples of prestigious fibers dyed with murex sea snail from Timna provide an exceptional opportunity to address questions related to social stratification and organization of the nomadic society operating the mines, the “fashion” of elite in the region during the early Iron Age, trade connections, technological capabilities, and more. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 17 REFERENCES
Palaikastro Shells and Bronze Age Purple-Dye Production in the Mediterranean Basin
The 1963 excavation at Palaikastro- Kastri in eastern Crete produced about 150 marine shells. The species preserved are listed in Table 1, and their date and context in Table 2. Significant shellsExpand
Some ‘Late Minoan’ Vases found in Greece
The progress of excavations in Crete has made it possible to distinguish with some degree of certainty the native from the imported objects found on Mycenaean sites in Greece. The purpose of thisExpand
Royal Purple of Tyre
Perhaps only mild objections might be raised to the thesis that Tyrian or Phoenician purple was first and foremost their esteemed and desired product-esteemed not only by themselves but also demandedExpand
First Identification of Authentic Tĕkēlet
  • I. Ziderman
  • History
  • Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 1987
Discoveries in chemistry and marine biology reveal the secret of the ritual "blue" textile of ancient Israel.
Commodity Prices at Ugarit
The economic texts from Ugarit have provided us with the actual market values of some six dozen items. These comomodities and their prices are discussed by categories, which include the followingExpand
The Origin of the Terms "Canaan," "Phoenician," and "Purple"
FOR a long time the name "Canaan" was considered Semitic. Then this name appeared in cuneiform texts from Tell el-Amarna and Bo'azk6y as Ki-na-ah-ni, Ki-naah-na, Ki-na-ah-hi, Ki-na-a-ah-hi, andExpand
Remains of a Purple Dye Industry Found at Tel Shiqmona
  • Israel Exploration Journal
  • 1988
Die Spuren friiher Fierberei im Minoerreich auf Kreta
  • Deutscher Fierber - Kalender
  • 1984
Koufonisi Island : Delos of the Libyan Sea
  • Archaiologia
  • 1983
...
1
2
...