The Miller Volcanic Spark Discharge Experiment

  title={The Miller Volcanic Spark Discharge Experiment},
  author={Adam P. Johnson and Henderson James Cleaves and Jason P. Dworkin and Daniel P. Glavin and Antonio Lazcano and Jeffrey L. Bada},
  pages={404 - 404}
Miller's 1950s experiments used, besides the apparatus known in textbooks, one that generated a hot water mist in the spark flask, simulating a water vapor‐rich volcanic eruption. We found the original extracts of this experiment in Miller's material and reanalyzed them. The volcanic apparatus produced a wider variety of amino acids than the classic one. Release of reduced gases in volcanic eruptions accompanied by lightning could have been common on the early Earth. Prebotic compounds… 
Conducting miller-urey experiments.
The purpose of this manuscript is to provide the reader with a general experimental protocol that can be used to conduct a Miller-Urey type spark discharge experiment, using a simplified 3 L reaction flask.
Chemical evolution on primordial volcanic islands
In the late Hadean / early Archean (ca. 4.1–3.5 billion years before present), increasing chemical complexity culminated in the emergence of life. The exact nature of the underlying chemical
Mineral Grains, Dimples, and Hot Volcanic Organic Streams: Dynamic Geological Backstage of Macromolecular Evolution
The hypothesis of hot volcanic organic stream as the most probable and geologically plausible environment for abiogenic polycondensation is proposed and can be verified experimentally with principles of dynamic (flow) chemistry in its core element.
S. Miller’s Experiments in Modelling of Non-Equilibrium Conditions with Gas Electric Discharge Simulating Primary Atmosphere
This paper outlines the data on the possibility of applying the Coronal gas discharge effect in modeling non-equilibrium conditions with gas electric discharge simulating conditions occurring in the
Volcanic Degassing: Process and Impact
Volcanic degassing represents an essential component of the global geochemical cycles that determine the state of the atmosphere and climate. It also exerts a first-order influence on the ways in
Miller–Urey Spark‐Discharge Experiments in the Deuterium World
The designed and conducted series of primordial‐soup Miller‐Urey style experiments with deuterated gases and reagents show that isotopic exchange may lead to significant additional complexity in chemical space under otherwise identical reaction conditions.
Creation and Evolution of Impact-generated Reduced Atmospheres of Early Earth
The origin of life on Earth seems to demand a highly reduced early atmosphere, rich in CH4, H2, and NH3, but geological evidence suggests that Earth's mantle has always been relatively oxidized and
Ionization in atmospheres of brown dwarfs and extrasolar planets VI: properties of large-scale discharge events
Mineral clouds in substellar atmospheres play a special role as a catalyst for a variety of charge processes. If clouds are charged, the surrounding environment becomes electrically activated, and
Paleontology of Earth's Mantle
Solid, liquid, and gaseous products of life's metabolic processes have a profound effect on the chemistry of Earth and its fluid envelopes. Earth's mantle has been modified by the ubiquitous
Precambrian Lunar Volcanic Protolife
  • Jack Green
  • Chemistry, Medicine
    International journal of molecular sciences
  • 2009
Five representative terrestrial analogs of lunar craters are detailed relevant to Precambrian fumarolic activity, and Orbital and lander sensors specific to protolife exploration including combined Raman/laser-induced breakdown spectrocsopy are evaluated.


Lightning associated with the 1992 eruptions of Crater Peak, Mount Spurr Volcano, Alaska
Abstract Lightning occurred associated with the ash clouds of all three eruptions of Mt. Spurr Volcano in 1992. Lightning was detected on seismograms as simultaneous spikes and simultaneous
The 1953 Stanley L. Miller Experiment: Fifty Years of Prebiotic Organic Chemistry
  • A. Lazcano, J. Bada
  • Biology, Medicine
    Origins of life and evolution of the biosphere
  • 2004
An accounting of the events leading to the publication of Stanley L. Miller's seminal paper on the spark discharge synthesis of amino acids and other compounds using a mixture of reduced gases is provided.
A production of amino acids under possible primitive earth conditions.
In this study, an apparatus was built to circulate CHI4, NH3, H2O, and H2 past an electric discharge, and the resulting mixture has been tested for amino acids by paper chromatography.
The spark discharge synthesis of amino acids from various hydrocarbons
The spark discharge synthesis of amino acids using an atmosphere of CH4 + N2 + H2O + NH3 has been investigated with variable pNH3 and the relative yields of the C3 to C6 aliphatic α-amino acids are nearly the same (with a few exceptions) with all the hydrocarbons.
Carbonyl Sulfide-Mediated Prebiotic Formation of Peptides
It is shown that carbonyl sulfide (COS), a simple volcanic gas, brings about the formation of peptides from amino acids under mild conditions in aqueous solution.
Prebiotic synthesis of hydrophobic and protein amino acids.
All of the primary alpha-amino acids found in the Murchison Meteorite have been synthesized by this electric discharge experiment.
疟原虫var基因转换速率变化导致抗原变异[英]/Paul H, Robert P, Christodoulou Z, et al//Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
) . S 3 . S . L . Miller
  • Life Evol . Biosph .
  • 2003
Origins Life Evol. Biosph
  • Origins Life Evol. Biosph
  • 2003
J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res
  • J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res
  • 2000