The Military Collapse of the German Empire: The Reality Behind the Stab-in-the-Back Myth

  title={The Military Collapse of the German Empire: The Reality Behind the Stab-in-the-Back Myth},
  author={Wilhelm Deist and Edgar J. Feuchtwanger},
  journal={War in History},
  pages={186 - 207}
The political component in the conduct of leading military men Moltke, Falkenhayn, Hindenburg, Ludendorff and Groener has been subjected to critical analysis in the relevant accounts, but the analysis of the military situation and the interpretation of military decisions have been noticeably left in the background. The same goes for the description and analysis of the conduct of war in 1918. The political implications of Ludendorffs decision to take the offensive in the spring and summer of… 

The Morale Maze: the German Army in Late 1918

Abstract The state of the German Army’s morale in 1918 is central to our understanding not only of the outcome of World War I, but also of the German Revolution and, indeed, through the pernicious

Winged Victory: How the Great War Ended: The evolution of Giulio Douhet’s theory of strategic bombing

A war’s conclusion can impact strategic thinking even when the outcome is misinterpreted or an outlier. For a century, Giulio Douhet in Command of the Air, 1921 and a 1926 revision, has been the

Germany | International Encyclopedia of the First World War (WW1)

When war broke out, in light of increasingly inflexible constellations and alliances among European powers, Germany was initially hoping to keep the war limited to Austria-Hungary and Serbia. Soon

Junior Officership in the German Army during the Great War, 1914—1918

This article reassesses German junior officers' performance in the First World War. Contrary to current historiography, it argues that the peacetime corps's social elitism was successful in ensuring

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When nations are violently threatened, the choices that they make in order to cope with the challenge of war reflect different alternative possible reactions. They may choose to fiercely fight their

From War to State Breakdown: A War-Centered Theory of the Early Twentieth Century European Revolutions

In 1917 and 1918, several European semi-absolutist states, including Germany and Russia, collapsed, one after the other. This article challenges internalist interpretations of these events that focus

The Home Front in Britain: Images, Myths and Forgotten Experiences Since 1914

The literature of the British home front differs distinctly in both quantity and nature between the two wars themselves. With regard to the Second there is a lengthy tradition of lively debate

Fighting an Armed Doctrine: The Struggle to Modernize German Propaganda During World War I (1914–1918)

During the First World War (1914–1918), all belligerent governments realized that propaganda proficiency was critical to selling their causes and stirring up support for the war. Yet German

Mobilizing charity: non‐uniformed voluntary action during the First World War

This study proposes that the voluntary sector in the UK underwent major managerial and state‐directional change during the period of the Great War, as a concerted response to but also enabling it to

The Reich Military Court and Its Values: Wehrmacht Treatment of Jehovah’s Witness Conscientious Objectors

  • T. Kehoe
  • Law, History
    Holocaust and Genocide Studies
  • 2019
Between 1939 and 1945, the highest Wehrmacht court—the Reichskriegsgericht (RKG)—condemned hundreds of Jehovah’s Witness conscientious objectors to death. Though the law permitted lesser sentences,



Meine Tätigkeit, pp. 345f. Cf. esp. W. Foerster, Der Feldherr Ludendorff im Unglück. Eine Studie über seine seelische Haltung in der Endphase des ersten Weltkrieges

  • Cf. the equally revealing report by Maj.-Gen. von Lossberg about a conversation with Ludendorff on 21

Groener before the plenipotentiaries in the Bundesrat; cf. Deist, Militär und Innenpolitik

    in Deist, Militär und Innenpolitik

      Die deutsche Revolution 1918-1920. Politische Revolution und soziale Protestbewegung

      • Geschichte und Gesellschaft IV
      • 1978

      as example the corresponding order of the Heeresgruppe Kronprinz Rupprecht for the 17th and 2nd armies at the beginning of

      • 1918

      The strength of a normal infantry division at the end of Mar

      • 1918

      Der seelische Zusammenbruch', pp. 6f. Kronprinz Rupprecht, Kriegstagebuch II