The Mesopotamian Origin of Early Indian Mathematical Astronomy

  title={The Mesopotamian Origin of Early Indian Mathematical Astronomy},
  author={David Edwin Pingree},
  journal={Journal for the History of Astronomy},
  pages={1 - 12}
  • D. Pingree
  • Published 1 February 1973
  • Physics
  • Journal for the History of Astronomy
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)In this paper I intend to advance and offer evidence in support of an hypothesis concerning the dependence of the mathematical astronomy of the Jyotifavedâftga on Mesopotamian science of the Achaemenid period.1 I believe that the evidence in support of the theory that some elements of early Indian astronomy are derived from Mesopotamia is overwhelming, and that the evidence for the rest of my hypothetical reconstruction is persuasive. But I must enter a… 

The Recovery of Early Greek Astronomy from India

The object of this paper is to characterize the Greek astronomy transmitted to India and to determine the times and the places in which this transmission was effected, in so far as that is possible.

Babylonian and Indian Astronomy: Early Connections

Did the Indian and Babylonian astronomy evolve in isolation, was there mutual influence, or was one dependent on the other? Scholars have debated these questions for more than two centuries, and

On the Identification of the YogatāRāS of the Indian Nakṣatras

References to named stars or constellations are extremely rare in the earliest levels of Vedic literature, written before c. 1000 B.C. When such names do appear in abundance, it is in the lists of

Babylonian mathematics, astrology, and astronomy

In no domain has the influence of ancient Mesopotamia on Western civilization been more profound and decisive than in theoretical astronomy and, principally through it, mathematics. Indeed, in the

Indian Astronomy: the missing link in Eurocentric history of Astronomy

A comprehensive history of Astronomy should show in reasonable chronological order, the contributions from wherever they arise in the world, once they are reliably documented. However, the authors

A Note on The Five-Year Yuga of the Ved āṅ ga Jyoti ṣ a

Vedāṅga Jyotis.a (VJ) is the general name by which one refers to the earliest codified texts of astronomy of ancient India, known as the R ̊ gjyotis.a (R ̊ J), the Yājus.ajyotis.a (YJ), and the

Astronomical observations at the Maragha observatory in the 1260s–1270s

  • S. Mozaffari
  • Physics
    Archive for History of Exact Sciences
  • 2018
AbstractThis paper presents an analysis of the systematic astronomical observations performed by Muḥyī al-Dīn al-Maghribī (d. 1283 AD) at the Maragha observatory (northwestern Iran, ca. 1260–1320 AD)



Studies in Ancient Astronomy. VIII. The Water Clock in Babylonian Astronomy

Two clear-cut types of Babylonian astronomy can be distinguished: one, a highly developed mathematical astronomy which flourished the last three centuries before our era; the other, a rather

Art. XII.—On the Jyotisha Observation of the Place of the Colures, and the Date derivable from it

Colebrooke, in his celebrated essay “On the Vedas, or Sacred Writings of the Hindus” (As. Researches, vol. viii.; Misc. Essays, vol. i.), was the first to direct general attention to the now

Some Atypical Astronomical Cuneiform Texts, II

We continue herewith our study of 4'atypical" astronomical texts in the hope for improved uncIerstanding of the earlier phases of the development of Babylonian mathematical stronomy. We must,

The Buddhist conquest of China

"The reprinting in 2007 of a book originally produced nearly fifty years earlier (and based on a doctoral dissertation begun in the early 1950s) is not merely a publishing event. It constitutes a

Ein Babylonisches Kompendium Der Himmelskunde

  • E. Weidner
  • Philosophy
    The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures
  • 1924
Im Jahre 1913 veriffentlichte L. W. King' in den Cuneiform Texts, XXXIII, P1. 1-8, den grossen astronomischen Text Br. M. 86378, der ausschliesslich dem babylonischen Fixsternhimmel gewidmet ist und

Studies in ancient astronomy; the water clock in Babylonian astronomy.

  • O. Neugebauer
  • Physics
    Isis; an international review devoted to the history of science and its cultural influences
  • 1947

Atypical Astronomical Cuneiform Texts. I", Journal of cuneiform studies, xxi (1967), 183-218, esp. 183-90; for the use of tithis in this text see 189-90

  • 1967