The Mesopotamian Origin of Early Indian Mathematical Astronomy

  title={The Mesopotamian Origin of Early Indian Mathematical Astronomy},
  author={David Edwin Pingree},
  journal={Journal for the History of Astronomy},
  pages={1 - 12}
  • D. Pingree
  • Published 1 February 1973
  • History, Political Science
  • Journal for the History of Astronomy
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)In this paper I intend to advance and offer evidence in support of an hypothesis concerning the dependence of the mathematical astronomy of the Jyotifavedâftga on Mesopotamian science of the Achaemenid period.1 I believe that the evidence in support of the theory that some elements of early Indian astronomy are derived from Mesopotamia is overwhelming, and that the evidence for the rest of my hypothetical reconstruction is persuasive. But I must enter a… Expand
The Recovery of Early Greek Astronomy from India
The object of this paper is to characterize the Greek astronomy transmitted to India and to determine the times and the places in which this transmission was effected, in so far as that is possible. Expand
Babylonian and Indian Astronomy: Early Connections
Did the Indian and Babylonian astronomy evolve in isolation, was there mutual influence, or was one dependent on the other? Scholars have debated these questions for more than two centuries, andExpand
On the Identification of the YogatāRāS of the Indian Nakṣatras
References to named stars or constellations are extremely rare in the earliest levels of Vedic literature, written before c. 1000 B.C. When such names do appear in abundance, it is in the lists ofExpand
A consideration of Babylonian astronomy within the historiography of science
Abstract This paper traces the reception of Babylonian astronomy into the history of science, beginning in early to mid twentieth century when cuneiform astronomical sources became available to theExpand
Derivation and Revelation: The Legitimacy of Mathematical Models in Indian Cosmology
This chapter focuses on the legitimacy of mathematical models in Indian cosmology. The importance in classical Indian culture of deities, religious devotion, and the general spiritual theme ofExpand
Babylonian mathematics, astrology, and astronomy
In no domain has the influence of ancient Mesopotamia on Western civilization been more profound and decisive than in theoretical astronomy and, principally through it, mathematics. Indeed, in theExpand
Astronomy of the Vedic altars
Abstract In this paper, two ancient Indian texts, the Śatapatha Brāhmana and the Rigveda , are examined for their astronomical content. It is argued that the 95 year ritual of agnicayana had anExpand
Indian Astronomy: the missing link in Eurocentric history of Astronomy
A comprehensive history of Astronomy should show in reasonable chronological order, the contributions from wherever they arise in the world, once they are reliably documented. However, the authorsExpand
A Note on The Five-Year Yuga of the Ved āṅ ga Jyoti ṣ a
Vedāṅga Jyotis.a (VJ) is the general name by which one refers to the earliest codified texts of astronomy of ancient India, known as the R ̊ gjyotis.a (R ̊ J), the Yājus.ajyotis.a (YJ), and theExpand
Astronomical observations at the Maragha observatory in the 1260s–1270s
  • S. Mozaffari
  • Geology
  • Archive for History of Exact Sciences
  • 2018
AbstractThis paper presents an analysis of the systematic astronomical observations performed by Muḥyī al-Dīn al-Maghribī (d. 1283 AD) at the Maragha observatory (northwestern Iran, ca. 1260–1320 AD)Expand


Studies in Ancient Astronomy. VIII. The Water Clock in Babylonian Astronomy
Two clear-cut types of Babylonian astronomy can be distinguished: one, a highly developed mathematical astronomy which flourished the last three centuries before our era; the other, a ratherExpand
Some Atypical Astronomical Cuneiform Texts, II
We continue herewith our study of 4'atypical" astronomical texts in the hope for improved uncIerstanding of the earlier phases of the development of Babylonian mathematical stronomy. We must,Expand
The Buddhist conquest of China
"The reprinting in 2007 of a book originally produced nearly fifty years earlier (and based on a doctoral dissertation begun in the early 1950s) is not merely a publishing event. It constitutes aExpand
Ein Babylonisches Kompendium Der Himmelskunde
  • E. Weidner
  • Philosophy
  • The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures
  • 1924
Im Jahre 1913 veriffentlichte L. W. King' in den Cuneiform Texts, XXXIII, P1. 1-8, den grossen astronomischen Text Br. M. 86378, der ausschliesslich dem babylonischen Fixsternhimmel gewidmet ist undExpand
Atypical Astronomical Cuneiform Texts. I", Journal of cuneiform studies, xxi (1967), 183-218, esp. 183-90; for the use of tithis in this text see 189-90
  • 1967
Compare Garga as cited by Somakara on Yajur-recension II and Paitamahasiddhiinta, III, I; cf
  • 1967
The Paltdmahasiddhiinta of the Visnudharmottarapurdna"; Brahmavidyii, xxxi-xxxii (1967-68), 472-510
  • For the Paitiimahaslddhiinta,
  • 1967
This relationship I originally proposed in Isis
  • liv
  • 1963
The Buddhist conquest of China (2 vols
  • Leiden, 1959),
  • 1959