The Menace Within: Obsessions and the Self

@article{Aardema2007TheMW,
  title={The Menace Within: Obsessions and the Self},
  author={Frederick Aardema and Kieron O'Connor},
  journal={Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy},
  year={2007},
  volume={21},
  pages={182 - 197}
}
The current article attempts to provide a theoretical account of obsessions about blasphemy, sexuality, and aggression from an inference-based perspective. It is argued that self-evaluative and self-representational dimensions in obsessions need to be taken into account to allow for the misrepresentation of mental states. A persuasive narrative containing rhetorical devices informs the misrepresentation of mental states and gives credibility to the obsession. These narrative devices seem to… Expand

Figures from this paper

A cognitive dissonance perspective on threats to self-concept in obsessive-compulsive disorder
Abstract Cognitive-behavioral models of OCD and models of cognitive dissonance have converged in emphasizing how intrusive or dissonant thoughts conflict with – and therefore threaten - one'sExpand
The linguistic construction of the self in narratives of obsessive-compulsive disorder
ABSTRACT Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health problem characterised by distressing obsessions and repetitive compulsions. The autogenous-reactive model of OCD outlines two types ofExpand
The role of self-construals in obsessive-compulsive disorder
Cognitive accounts of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) recognise that maladaptive beliefs are central to the maintenance of the disorder. Unhelpful beliefs underlie one’s appraisal of unwantedExpand
Ego-dystonic stance-taking in sexual orientation obsessive-compulsive disorder (SO-OCD)
Abstract Quantitative studies have demonstrated the relevance of a “feared self” in the maintenance and development of sexual orientation obsessive-compulsive disorder (SO-OCD). The current pilotExpand
The Role of Fear of Self and Responsibility in Obsessional Doubt Processes: A Bayesian Hierarchical Model
The literature concerning obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) indicates that obsessions frequently imply negative evaluative beliefs regarding the self. The construct of the feared self has been usedExpand
Fear of self and obsessionality: Development and validation of the Fear of Self Questionnaire
Abstract Obsessions – particularly those directly relating to causing harm – often contain or imply evaluative dimensions about the self, reflecting a fear as to who the person might be – or mightExpand
Feared possible selves in cognitive-behavioral theory: An analysis of its historical and empirical context, and introduction of a working model
Abstract Cognitive-behavioral models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have largely ignored conceptualizing vulnerable self-themes as a core feature, despite numerous historical accounts andExpand
Repugnant obsessions: a review of the phenomenology, theoretical models, and treatment of sexual and aggressive obsessional themes in OCD
Abstract Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is a highly disabling psychiatric disorder, characterized by the occurrence of intrusive, unwanted thoughts (obsessions), which lead to the performance ofExpand
The role of feared self and inferential confusion in obsessive compulsive symptoms
Abstract While negative self-views have been implied in many theories regarding obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), empirical research on feared self—concerns that one may be bad, immoral, orExpand
Entity Perceptions of Morality and Character are Associated with Obsessive Compulsive Phenomena
Self-perceptions of moral deficiencies have previously been linked with obsessive-compulsive phenomena. However, beliefs about the nature of morality and character may determine how such deficienciesExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 68 REFERENCES
Self-ambivalence in obsessive-compulsive disorder
According to the cognitive model, Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is maintained by various belief factors such as an inflated sense of responsibility, perfectionism and an overestimation aboutExpand
A Cognitive Approach to the Treatment of Primary Inferences in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
In this article, it is argued that obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) with overt compulsions, where there is overvalued ideation, is primarily a disorder of the imagination and hence, byExpand
Feared identity and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
We tested predictions from cognitive-behavioural theory that people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) regard their intrusions as revealing unacceptable aspects of their character. We comparedExpand
Religiousness and obsessive-compulsive cognitions and symptoms in an Italian population.
TLDR
It is concluded that religion might play a role in obsessive-compulsive disorder phenomenology and additional research is warranted because it is plausible that only a few aspects of religious teachings are linked to OC phenomena. Expand
Seeing White Bears That Are Not There: Inference Processes in Obsessions
Meta-cognition refers to the notion of thoughts about one’s own thoughts and has been defined as knowledge and cognition about cognitive phenomena (Flavell, 1979). In recent years, meta-cognitiveExpand
Intrusive thoughts, obsessions, and appraisals in obsessive-compulsive disorder: a critical review.
This article reviews empirical findings on two key premises of the appraisal model of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): (a) non-clinical populations experience intrusive thoughts (ITs) that areExpand
A cognitive theory of obsessions.
  • S. Rachman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Behaviour research and therapy
  • 1997
TLDR
Evidence and arguments in support of the theory are presented, and the questions of vulnerability and the origins of the thoughts are addressed, and a firmly focused treatment strategy is deduced. Expand
Sensitive domains of self-concept in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): further evidence for a multidimensional model of OCD.
TLDR
It was found that sensitivity in the four domains of morality, job and scholastic competence, and social acceptability was related to higher levels of OC-related beliefs and more OC-symptoms. Expand
Inference processes in obsessive-compulsive disorder: some clinical observations.
TLDR
A cognitive model of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is outlined which proposes that the core belief of OCD evolves through a series of illogical inferences and suggests that in certain cases, the conventional cognitive therapy view of OCD beliefs as exaggerated fears of remote possibilities may actually reinforce the obsessional belief since even remote events are real. Expand
Obsessions, responsibility and guilt.
  • S. Rachman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Behaviour research and therapy
  • 1993
TLDR
An elaborated analysis of obsessions, responsibility and guilt touches on a range of phenomena including anger and guilt, control of thoughts, the fusion of thoughts and action, resistance to additional responsibility, procrastination and unfinished tasks, hypochondriasis, brief holidays. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...