The Melanchthon Circle, Rheticus, and the Wittenberg Interpretation of the Copernican Theory

  title={The Melanchthon Circle, Rheticus, and the Wittenberg Interpretation of the Copernican Theory},
  author={Robert S. Westman},
  pages={165 - 193}
ONTEMPORARY ASSESSMENT of a new scientific theory will always \.depend upon how that theory is perceived. This may seem an obvious point, yet there exists an understandable tendency among some historians and philosophers of science to treat a later, well-supported version of a theory as though it were the same account available to its earliest recipients. The language which historians often use to characterize the recipients of a new program of scientific research-categories such as Copernican… 
Celestial Influence as an Aid to Pluralism from Antiquity to the Renaissance
  • James E. Christie
  • Philosophy
    International Archives of the History of Ideas Archives internationales d'histoire des idées
  • 2019
This chapter begins in the classical period, discussing Plutarch’s On the Face which Appears in the Orb of the Moon as an example of how closely connected theories of influence and inhabitation were
Historical Perspectives on Copernicus's Account of Precession
It has seemed strange to some modern historians of science that the first response to Copernicus's De revolutionibus had as much to do with his account of the motion of the starry sphere (including
The Renaissance concept of philosophy
THE ORIGINS OF RENAISSANCE PHILOSOPHY: SCHOLASTIC THOUGHT AND THE NEEDS OF A NEW CULTURE Any approach to the meaning of philosophy in the Renaissance requires some preliminary qualification and
Diplomacy, Patronage, and the Preface to De Revolutionibus
IntroductionThe Preface to De revolutionibus is an extraordinary document, of which several possible varieties of interpretation have already been explored, without exhausting its potential
On the Dialectical Origins of the Research Seminar
Like the medieval scholastics, we modern researchers are not only a product of the university, but also produce knowledge most essentially through it and its agencies. This marks a point of contrast
The Significance of the Copernican ORBS
Commentators on Copernicus have long puzzled over the significance and force of the 'physical' arguments he offers in support of the Earth's motions in Book 1 of De revolutionibus. Earlier concern
The Melanchthon Circle's English Epicycle
.  As persuasive signs of divine providence, astronomy and astrology held a special place in the natural philosophy of Philip Melanchthon. Both the highly predictable motions of celestial objects and
Conclusion: Scripture and Nature Transformed
The elements which go into the making of “modernity” may be seen … first … in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Some historians attributed the change to the liberation of men's minds during
Kuhn and Lakatos and the History of Science: Kuhn and Lakatos Revisited
  • J. Schuster
  • Philosophy
    The British Journal for the History of Science
  • 1979
problematic, namely, that such a rule does 'specify a great deal'. Recent work by sociologists on rules and rule-use, following Wittgenstein, who was of course a major influence on Kuhn, has
Religious Belief and the Content of the Sciences
The theme concerns the manner in which religious preconceptions may shape the content of the sciences, and whether theology has had an important stake in the presumed disinterestedness of scientific knowledge.