The Mediator as Coalition Builder: George Mitchell in Northern Ireland

  title={The Mediator as Coalition Builder: George Mitchell in Northern Ireland},
  author={D. F. Curran and J. Sebenius},
  journal={International Negotiation},
In 1996, George Mitchell became the co-chairman of the All-Party Talks in a polarized Northern Ireland where the extremes had the dominant voice while the center was relatively mute politically. In analyzing Mitchell's actions, we seek to break new ground in the study of mediation. First, we explicitly assess the context to identify key barriers and opportunities. Second, we move beyond general categories of mediator approach – such as communication, formulation, and manipulation – to match… Expand
Instituting Peace: Third Party Principles and the Mitchell Effect
Abstract US Senator George Mitchell's principles of democracy and non-violence are synonymous with peace in Northern Ireland. Mitchell's subsequent deployment to mediate the Israeli-PalestinianExpand
What Went Right in Northern Ireland?: An Analysis of Mediation Effectiveness and the Role of the Mediator in the Good Friday Agreement of 1998
George Mitchell, largely considered the key architect of the Northern Ireland peace process, has been lauded for his ability to find areas of compromise in a conflict that many deemed intractable andExpand
Democratic and Legal Obstacles to Mediator-imposed Peace Plans
What are international mediators to do if one or both parties to a conflict are unmoved by their efforts, or doubt their impartiality, or stubbornly decline to accept the (presumed) superior wisdomExpand
Psychological dynamics of insight: Relevance to international negotiation
This chapter explores the implications of a key claim in the Insight approach to conflict resolution that the parties to any negotiation need to be seen as historically situated social actors. AsExpand
Violence, De-escalation, and Nationalism: Northern Ireland and the Basque Country Compared
The sub-state nationalist conflicts in both Northern Ireland and the Basque Country have undergone significant de-escalation. However, while the transformation of the conflict in Northern IrelandExpand
The Perfect Mediator and His Limitations: Toward a Multifaceted Approach to Peacemaking in the Israeli-Palestinian Struggle
Who is the most suitable mediator to create a peacemaking change in difficult situations of intractable conflict? Realists will argue that an effective mediator is an intermediary with leverage whoExpand
Negotiation process and activities
Unless both sides win, no agreement can be permanent. Jimmy Carter, 2002 AS PROGRESS may not necessarily be linear, the potential for negotiations evolves along vastly different trajectories.Expand
Spoiling the Peace? Peace Process Exclusivity and Political Violence in North-Central Africa
Why are some peace processes accompanied by bloody political violence while others are not? Recent scholarship suggests that when factions fear that they will not benefit or will be excluded from aExpand
Integrative Mediation: A 'Bottom-Up Approach' to Peacebuilding
This paper presents the method of "Integrative Mediation", a methodology for interethnic mediation at the local level in post-conflict areas developed. It focuses on South Eastern Europe, and it wasExpand
Integrative Mediation: A 'Bottom-Up Approach' to Peacebuilding
This paper presents the method of "Integrative Mediation", a methodology for interethnic mediation at the local level in post-conflict areas developed. It focuses on South Eastern Europe, and it wasExpand


Intermediaries in International Conflict
With increasing interest in mediation at both the domestic and international levels, considerable descriptive and prescriptive work has emerged. Few scholars, however, have attempted to criticallyExpand
Negotiation analysis: a characterization and review
"Negotiation analysis" seeks to develop prescriptive theory and useful advice for negotiators and third parties. It generally emphasizes the parties' underlying interests (as distinct from the issuesExpand
Some Conceptual Issues and Empirical Trends in the Study of Successful Mediation in International Relations
Despite its ubiquity and importance as a means of managing international conflict, mediation has only recently begun to be studied in a systematic manner. This article utilizes an original dataset ofExpand
The Transition to Peace and Young People's Perceptions of Locations in Northern Ireland
Students' preferences for locations within Northern Ireland following 21/2 years of comparative peace were compared with those collected 11 years earlier during a prolonged period of intergroupExpand
Northern Ireland: Living with the Crisis
List of Tables and Figures Acknowledgments Introduction The Impact of the Northern Ireland Crisis on the Economy by N.J.Gibson Psychological Well-Being in Northern Ireland by Karen Trew The Impact ofExpand
Ireland Divided: The Roots of the Modern Irish Problem
Part of the "Past in Perspective" series, this text provides a concise introduction to the events which led to the partition of Ireland, with a discussion of the subsequent development of the twoExpand
Copyright © 2000 by Professor James K. Sebenius of the Harvard Business School ( I appreciate valuable suggestions on earlier versions of this paper from David Lax, Jan Martinez,Expand
Northern Ireland: A Comparative Analysis.
The author examines the tragic conflict in Northern Ireland in relation to other social conflicts, both past and present, that have similar characteristics. He sees Northern Ireland as a "frontier"Expand
The consensus building handbook : a comprehensive guide to reaching agreement
Introduction PART ONE: A SHORT GUIDE TO CONSENSUS BUILDING An Alternative to Robert's Rules of Order for Groups, Organizations and Ad Hoc Assemblies that Want to Operate by Consensus - LawrenceExpand
Northern Ireland since 1945
PART 1 1921-1939 THE ROOTS OF THE PROBLEM 1.The constitutional compromise 2. The economy society - the Protestants - the Catholics PART 2 1940-1968 - THE LIMITS OF MODERNIZATION 3.The welfare stateExpand