The Measurement of Foreign/Second Language Proficiency

@inproceedings{Bachman1987TheMO,
  title={The Measurement of Foreign/Second Language Proficiency},
  author={Lyle F. Bachman and John L. D. Clark},
  year={1987}
}
Based on and synthesizing recent advances in both psychometric procedures and communicatively oriented linguistic analysis, a theoretical framework for describing factors affecting performance on foreign/second language tests is presented. Included within this framework are both test method factors—such as the testing environment, the nature of the instructions to the examinee, and the stimulus and response modalities represented in the test—and linguistic factors, including the examinee's… CONTINUE READING