The Meaning of Theodulf's Apse Mosaic at Germigny-des-Prés

  title={The Meaning of Theodulf's Apse Mosaic at Germigny-des-Pr{\'e}s},
  author={Ann C. Freeman and Paul J. Meyvaert},
  pages={125 - 139}
To an extent hitherto unrecognized, the work Theodulf composed in Charlemagne's name (often called the Libri Carolini but actually entitled Opus Caroli regis contra synodum) provides a key to the symbolic meaning of the mosaic he placed in the apse of the small church he erected for his personal use at his country villa in Germigny-des-Prés. Religio-political circumstances prevented Charlemagne from circulating the manifesto, but its arguments and its contents remained fresh in Theodulf's mind… 
The earliest portrait of St Columba: Cod
The portrait of St Columba was made on the last page of a version of The Life of St Columba by Adomnán. The book, Cod Sang 555, was written at the monastery of St Gallen in the later 9th century and
The Bible in medieval universities
The emergence of universities in the thirteenth century had a significant impact on the study of the Bible. Preparatory changes had already taken place in the twelfth century at cathedral schools,
The Latin Bible, c . 900 to the Council of Trent, 1546
Modern scholars know a good deal more about the state of the Vulgate Bible text before and during the Carolingian renaissance than in the five centuries after 900. In an essay published in 1984,
Gendering Dark Age Jesus
Jesus's body was visualised in strikingly gendered ways in the Carolingian world. The Jesus of the Carolingian Empire could move deftly between gendered styles, from feminised victim to
The Bible in Georgian
The beginnings of Christianity in Georgia The beginnings of the rich Georgian literary heritage are bound up with the coming of Christianity and the translation of the Bible into Georgian ( kʿartʿuli
  • L. Brubaker
  • History
    Transactions of the Royal Historical Society
  • 2009
ABSTRACT What could or should be visually represented was a contested issue across the medieval Christian and Islamic world around the year 800. This article examines how Islamic, Byzantine,
This paper introduces Tesserae3D, a 3D point cloud benchmark dataset for training and evaluating machine learning models, applied to mosaic tesserae segmentation, and proposes a semantic segmentation baseline building on radiometric and covariance features fed to ensemble learning methods.
Carolingian Renaissance
The Apse Mosaic in Early Medieval Rome: Time, Network, and Repetition
1. Repetition: saints, popes, and golden texts 2. Transformation: from material church to spiritual body 3. Incorporation: becoming a living stone 4. Networking: building a communion sanctorum


Poilpre , " Le d 6 cor , " 285 , 287 Herbert Kessler agrees that several texts of the Opus Caroli appear to support such an interpretation
  • Das Apsismosaik , " 255 , stressed the unique position the Ark occupies in the Opus Caroli : " In vier Kapiteln gehen die Libri Carolini auf diese Argumentation ein , wobei gerade die Ausnahmestellung der Bundeslade herausgearbeitet wird : sie allein sei in ihrer Form von Gott und dem Heiligen Geist
For an extensive treatment
  • J. G. Van Gelder (The Hague,
  • 1973
A good English rendering of Bede's De templo is now available: Bede
  • On the Temple,
  • 1995
A good bibliography
  • (Paris,
  • 1990
The first to suggest that the stripe in the center of the hand might represent a wound
  • Elle n'existait pas avant la reconstruction, comme le prouve le relev6 de la mosaique fait en 1869 par Fournier jeune." Hubert,
  • 1924
Unaware that Theodulf's journey to Rome played a pivotal role in the decoration of his church at Germigny, several art historians
  • VII." R. Krautheimer (Rome: Profile of a City [Princeton,
  • 1916
Die friihchristlichen und mittelalterlichen
  • Mosaiken in Santa Maria Maggiore zu Rom (Baden-Baden,
  • 1966