The May Fourth Movement and Provincial Warlords: A Reexamination

  title={The May Fourth Movement and Provincial Warlords: A Reexamination},
  author={Zhongping Chen},
  journal={Modern China},
  pages={135 - 169}
  • Zhongping Chen
  • Published 1 March 2011
  • History, Political Science
  • Modern China
This article reexamines the relationship between the May Fourth Movement and warlordism by questioning the long-held assumption that the movement was from its inception as anti-warlord as it was anti-imperialist. In particular, it shows that popular nationalism before and at the beginning of the May Fourth Movement received continual support from many provincial warlords under and beyond the nominal control of the Beijing government. It demonstrates how and why these provincial warlords… 



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  • 1959