The Matthew Effect in Science: The reward and communication systems of science are considered.

@article{Merton1968TheME,
  title={The Matthew Effect in Science: The reward and communication systems of science are considered.},
  author={Robert K. Merton},
  journal={Science},
  year={1968},
  volume={159 3810},
  pages={56-63}
}
This account of the Matthew effect is another small exercise in the psychosociological analysis of the workings of science as a social institution. The initial problem is transformed by a shift in theoretical perspective. As originally identified, the Matthew effect was construed in terms of enhancement of the position of already eminent scientists who are given disproportionate credit in cases of collaboration or of independent multiple discoveries. Its significance was thus confined to its… CONTINUE READING
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