The Master and the Maharajas: The Sikh Princes and the East Punjab Massacres of 1947

  title={The Master and the Maharajas: The Sikh Princes and the East Punjab Massacres of 1947},
  author={I. F. S. Copland},
  journal={Modern Asian Studies},
  pages={657 - 704}
  • I. Copland
  • Published 1 July 2002
  • Political Science
  • Modern Asian Studies
Event During the spring, summer and autumn of 1947 India's richest province, the Punjab, played host to a massive human catastrophe. The trigger for the catastrophe was Britain's parting gift to its Indian subjects of partition. Confronted by a seemingly intractable demand by the All-India Muslim League for a separate Muslim homeland—Pakistan—a campaign which since 1946 had turned increasingly violent, the British government early in 1947 accepted viceroy Lord Mountbatten's advice that… 
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  • Political Science
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State of Washington
The name McIntosh formation is proposed for more than 4,000-4,500 feet of dark gray marine siltstone and claystone, and interbedded arkosic and basaltic sandstone which crops out in the
AICC file 1 of 1948; Harbans Lal, gen. sec., East Punjab Union CC to Rajendra Prasad
  • Sitaramayya to Nehru
On the relations between the Akali Dal and the Left in the early 1950s, see, Mridula Mukherjee
  • AICC file 13 of 1948-9
90; and resolution of the AICC dated 15
  • Nehru to Prasad
BL, Harrington-Hawes Coll., file 35. 124 The defectors included
  • Political Dynamics and Crisis in Punjab
Nehru Papers, 1st Instalment, 11; and proc's of meeting of the Panthic Durbar at Motibagh Palace
  • NMML
Note by member of the Punjab Boundary Force, n.d., quoted in Tuker
  • While Memory Serves
and note by supt. police in charge C.I.D., dated 13 Sept. 1947, PSA, Patiala, Ijlas-i-Khas, 2028; chairman
    New Delhi, to Sec. State Washington
      State Dept. decimal file 845.00/9-1847; and note on conversation with Lord Ismay, encl