The Manhattan Project, the first electronic computer and the Monte Carlo method

  title={The Manhattan Project, the first electronic computer and the Monte Carlo method},
  author={Dobriyan M. Benov},
  journal={Monte Carlo Methods and Applications},
  pages={73 - 79}
  • D. Benov
  • Published 2016
  • Computer Science, Mathematics
  • Monte Carlo Methods and Applications
Abstract The background of the Monte Carlo method is connected with two very important events in the modern human history: the World War Two and the building of first electronic computers. For that reason, we will try to synthesize the most important facts of those events that have relation to the development of the method in order to produce a clearer picture of the origination of the Monte Carlo method of stochastic sampling. The research covers the period from 1930 to 1959. 

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

Numerical quenches of disorder in the Bose-Hubbard model : Quenches numéricos de desordem no modelo Bose-Hubbard
In this work the properties of the superfluid (SF) and Bose-glass (BG) phases in the threedimensional disordered Bose-Hubbard model are investigated using Quantum Monte-Carlo simulations. The phaseExpand
Mutation operators for Genetic Programming using Monte Carlo Tree Search
It is proved that expansion provides for better fitness performance than point mutation, when included with crossover, and that the best fitness can be achieved by including these three operators in GP: crossover, point mutation and expansion. Expand
P-graph and Monte Carlo simulation approach to planning carbon management networks
A P-graph and Monte Carlo simulation approach to planning carbon management networks is proposed and it is demonstrated that multiple solutions generated using P- graph methodology allow identification of robust, near-optimalcarbon management networks. Expand
Fuzzy-support vector machine geotechnical risk analysis method based on Bayesian network
The proposed Fuzzy- SVM (support vector machine) geotechnical engineering risk analysis method based on the Bayesian network is used to evaluate the seismic damage of 96 slopes along roads in the area affected by the Wenchuan earthquake and results show that the method can solve the overfitting problem. Expand
A land-use spatial optimum allocation model coupling a multi-agent system with the shuffled frog leaping algorithm
This study coupled the multi-agent system (MAS) that contains land-use planning knowledge with the search iteration mechanism in the shuffled frog leaping algorithm (SFLA) and rebuilt the local optimization behavior of the SFLA, developing a new kind of land- use optimum allocation model, the so-called “multi-agent shuffledfrog leaping algorithm” (MASFLA). Expand
Tackling Uncertainty Across the Life Cycle of Gas-Fired Power
Uncertainty assessment is a critical component of the interpretation stage of life cycle assessment (LCA) for practitioners because it enables decision-makers to understand how impacts may changeExpand
Post-processingof Monte Carlo calculated dose distributions
This Master Thesis focuses on denoising of Monte Carlo calculated dose distributions of radiosurgery treatment plans with a Denoising Autoencoder and DAE. Expand
Abnormal Quality Pattern Recognition of Industrial Process Based on Multi-Support Vector Machine
An abnormal quality pattern recognition model based on multi-support vector machine was proposed, which can be used to solve the problem of abnormal pattern recognition in the intelligent manufacturing process for products. Expand
Rich p-type-doping phenomena in boron-substituted silicene systems
The results demonstrate that the charge transfer leads to the non-uniform chemical environment that creates diverse electronic properties in monolayer silicene. Expand
Use of Monte Carlo simulation and considerations for PK‐PD targets to support antibacterial dose selection
Monte Carlo simulation is used to generate data for pharmacokinetic–pharmacodynamic target attainment analyses to assess antibacterial dosing regimens in early and late stage drug development to support antibacterial dose selection. Expand


A Note on Early Monte Carlo Computations and Scientific Meetings
  • C. Hurd
  • Computer Science
  • Annals of the History of Computing
  • 1985
This note describes what may have been the first formulation of a Monte Carlo calculation and reproduces the paper where the formulation is described. Speculation is given with respect to the originExpand
The Monte Carlo method.
Abstract We shall present here the motivation and a general description of a method dealing with a class of problems in mathematical physics. The method is, essentially, a statistical approach to theExpand
A partially annotated bibliography is presented containing 508 references to Monte Carlo methods, covering the period from 1947 to June 1961. The references are arranged alphabetically by author. TheExpand
Doing Mathematics on the ENIAC
In this paper we will study the impact of the computer on mathematics and its practice from a historical point of view. We will look at what kind of mathematical problems were implemented on earlyExpand
Doing mathematics on the ENIAC. Von Neumann's and Lehmer's different visions
It is stressed that the computer was in fact, from its very beginning, conceived as a mathematical instrument per se, thus situating the contemporary usage of the computer in mathematics in its proper historical background. Expand
Now It Can Be Told: The Story Of The Manhattan Project
General Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer were the two men chiefly responsible for the building of the first atomic bomb at Los Alamos, code name "The Manhattan Project." As the rankingExpand
John von Neumann 1903-1957
In John von Neumann’s death on February 8, 1957, the world of mathematics lost a most original, penetrating, and versatile mind. Science suffered the loss of a universal intellect and a uniqueExpand
Theory of Games and Economic Behavior.
This is the classic work upon which modern-day game theory is based. What began more than sixty years ago as a modest proposal that a mathematician and an economist write a short paper togetherExpand
however (for it was the literal soul of the life of the Redeemer, John xv. io), is the peculiar token of fellowship with the Redeemer. That love to God (what is meant here is not God’s love to men)Expand
Stan Ulam
From Cardinals to Chaos: Reflections on the Life and Legacy of Stanislaw Ulam.Edited by Necia Grant Cooper Cambridge University Press: 1989. Pp.320. Hbk á£40, $75;pbk á£15, $24.95.