The Male Sex Pheromone of the Butterfly Bicyclus anynana: Towards an Evolutionary Analysis

@article{Nieberding2008TheMS,
  title={The Male Sex Pheromone of the Butterfly Bicyclus anynana: Towards an Evolutionary Analysis},
  author={Caroline M. Nieberding and Helene de Vos and Maria Victoria Schneider and Jean-Marc Lassance and Natalia Estramil and Jimmy Andersson and Joakim B{\aa}ng and Erik Hedenstr{\"o}m and Christer L{\"o}fstedt and Paul M. Brakefield},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
  year={2008},
  volume={3}
}
Background Female sex pheromones attracting mating partners over long distances are a major determinant of reproductive isolation and speciation in Lepidoptera. Males can also produce sex pheromones but their study, particularly in butterflies, has received little attention. A detailed comparison of sex pheromones in male butterflies with those of female moths would reveal patterns of conservation versus novelty in the associated behaviours, biosynthetic pathways, compounds, scent-releasing… 

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