The Making of the Guomindang’s Japan Policy, 1932-1937

  title={The Making of the Guomindang’s Japan Policy, 1932-1937},
  author={So Wai Chor},
  journal={Modern China},
  pages={213 - 252}
  • So Wai Chor
  • Published 1 April 2002
  • Political Science
  • Modern China
From the Manchurian Incident in September 1931 to the outbreak of the Sino-Japanese War in July 1937, the Nanjing government's agenda was dominated by relations with Japan and conflict with the communists. To deal with the dual threat, Chiang Kai-shek formulated the policy of "first internal pacification, then external resistance" (xian annei, hou rangwai). Hence, suppressing the communists would take precedence over resisting Japan. The wisdom of this approach was widely contested in the party… 
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