The Makeup and Breakup of Ethnofederal States: Why Russia Survives Where the USSR Fell

  title={The Makeup and Breakup of Ethnofederal States: Why Russia Survives Where the USSR Fell},
  author={Henry E. Hale},
  journal={Perspectives on Politics},
  pages={55 - 70}
  • H. Hale
  • Published 1 March 2005
  • Political Science
  • Perspectives on Politics
Why do some ethnofederal states survive while others collapse? The puzzle is particularly stark in the case of the former Soviet Union: the multiethnic Russian Federation has managed to survive intact the transition from totalitarian rule, whereas the multiethnic USSR disintegrated. The critical distinction between the USSR and Russia lies in the design of ethnofederal institutions. The USSR contained a core ethnic region, the “Russian Republic,” a single region with a far greater population… 
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