The MPA Guide: A framework to achieve global goals for the ocean

@article{GrorudColvert2021TheMG,
  title={The MPA Guide: A framework to achieve global goals for the ocean},
  author={Kirsten Grorud‐Colvert and Jenna Sullivan-Stack and Callum M. Roberts and Vanessa Constant and B{\'a}rbara Horta e Costa and Elizabeth P. Pike and Naomi Kingston and Dan Laffoley and Enric Sala and Joachim Claudet and Alan M. Friedlander and David A. Gill and Sarah E. Lester and John C. Day and Emanuel J. Gonçalves and Gabby N. Ahmadia and Matt Rand and Angelo Villagomez and Natalie C. Ban and Georgina G. Gurney and Ana K. Spalding and Nathan J. Bennett and Johnny Briggs and Lance E. Morgan and Russell A. Moffitt and Marine Deguignet and Ellen K. Pikitch and Emily S. Darling and Sabine Jessen and Sarah O. Hameed and Giuseppe di Carlo and Paolo Guidetti and Jean M. Harris and Jorge Torre and Zafer Kizilkaya and Tundi Agardy and Philippe M. Cury and Nirmal Jivan Shah and Karen Sack and Ling Cao and Miriam Fernandez and Jane Lubchenco},
  journal={Science},
  year={2021},
  volume={373}
}
Description Consistency in conservation Marine protected areas (MPAs) are now well established globally as tools for conservation, for enhancing marine biodiversity, and for promoting sustainable fisheries. That said, which regions are labeled as MPAs varies substantially, from those that full protect marine species and prohibit human extraction to those that permit everything from intensive fishing to mining. This inconsistency can in some cases inhibit both conservation and quantifying the… 
Applying Marine Protected Area Frameworks to Areas beyond National Jurisdiction
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Marine protected areas regulate the structure of fish communities threatened by global warming and human impact
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No-take marine protected areas enhance the benefits of kelp-forest restoration for fish but not fisheries.
Kelp habitat restoration is gaining traction as a management action to support recovery in areas affected by severe disturbances, thereby ensuring the sustainability of ecosystem services. Knowing
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