The MPA Guide: A framework to achieve global goals for the ocean

  title={The MPA Guide: A framework to achieve global goals for the ocean},
  author={Kirsten Grorud‐Colvert and Jenna Sullivan-Stack and Callum M. Roberts and Vanessa Constant and B{\'a}rbara Horta e Costa and Elizabeth P. Pike and Naomi Kingston and Dan Laffoley and Enric Sala and Joachim Claudet and Alan M. Friedlander and David A. Gill and Sarah E. Lester and John C. Day and Emanuel J. Gonçalves and Gabby N. Ahmadia and Matt Rand and Angelo Villagomez and Natalie C. Ban and Georgina G. Gurney and Ana K. Spalding and Nathan J. Bennett and Johnny Briggs and Lance E. Morgan and Russell A. Moffitt and Marine Deguignet and Ellen K. Pikitch and Emily S. Darling and Sabine Jessen and Sarah O. Hameed and Giuseppe di Carlo and Paolo Guidetti and Jean M. Harris and Jorge Torre and Zafer Kizilkaya and Tundi Agardy and Philippe M. Cury and Nirmal Jivan Shah and Karen Sack and Ling Cao and Miriam Fernandez and Jane Lubchenco},
Description Consistency in conservation Marine protected areas (MPAs) are now well established globally as tools for conservation, for enhancing marine biodiversity, and for promoting sustainable fisheries. That said, which regions are labeled as MPAs varies substantially, from those that full protect marine species and prohibit human extraction to those that permit everything from intensive fishing to mining. This inconsistency can in some cases inhibit both conservation and quantifying the… 
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Marine protected areas (MPAs) can provide a range of ecological benefits. Frameworks—including the IUCN protected area categories and The MPA Guide—offer tools towards evaluating an MPA’s objectives,
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In 2010, the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) adopted the Aichi Biodiversity Target 11, calling for conserving 10% of the ocean through marine protected areas (MPAs) and “other
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The continuing degradation of marine ecosystems is widely highlighted as having a significant impact on services they provide for human well-being. To this end, especially during the last decade,
Marine protected areas regulate the structure of fish communities threatened by global warming and human impact
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Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) require effective indicators to assess their performance, in compliance with the goals of relevant national and international commitments. Achieving and prioritizing
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Marine protected areas (MPAs) require sustained funding to provide sustained marine protection. Up until now government budgets, multi- and bi-lateral aid, and philanthropic grants have been commonly
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The results show that most coastal nations contain priority areas that can contribute substantially to achieving these three objectives of biodiversity protection, food provision and carbon storage, and a globally coordinated effort could be nearly twice as efficient as uncoordinated, national-level conservation planning.
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With the number of marine protected areas (MPAs) growing rapidly and progress being made towards protecting 10% of the ocean, as called for by the Convention on Biological Diversity, there is equally
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Marine protected areas (MPAs) are an essential tool for reversing the global degradation of ocean life. Hence, it is important to know which types of MPAs are more effective, and under which
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The establishment of marine protected areas (MPAs), particularly of no-take areas, is often viewed as a conflict between conservation and fishing. Partially protected areas (PPAs) that restrict some