The MOS 36-ltem Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36): I. Conceptual Framework and Item Selection

  title={The MOS 36-ltem Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36): I. Conceptual Framework and Item Selection},
  author={John E. Jr. Ware and Cathy Donald Sherbourne},
  journal={Medical Care},
A 36-item short-form (SF-36) was constructed to survey health status in the Medical Outcomes Study. [] Key Method The survey was constructed for self-administration by persons 14 years of age and older, and for administration by a trained interviewer in person or by telephone. The history of the development of the SF-36, the origin of specific items, and the logic underlying their selection are summarized. The content and features of the SF-36 are compared with the 20-item Medical Outcomes Study short-form.
The RAND 36-Item Health Survey 1.0.
Recently, Ware and Sherbourne published a new short-form health survey, the MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), consisting of 36 items included in long-form measures developed for the
The MOS 36-Item Short form Health Survey
  • J. Larson
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Evaluation & the health professions
  • 1997
A conceptual analysis of the SF-36, from the viewpoint of four models of health: medical, World Health Organization, wellness, and environmental, which suggests that theSF-36 be expanded to include other dimensions of health, especially mental and social.
Validation of the Short Form 36 (SF-36) health survey questionnaire among stroke patients.
The SF-36 avoids the "ceiling effect" of most disability scales and provides a valid measure of physical and mental health after stroke, but it does not appear to characterize well social functioning, and must be supplemented by other measures for a comprehensive assessment of stroke outcome.
Differential Item Functioning in the SF-36 Physical Functioning and Mental Health Sub-Scales: A Population-Based Investigation in the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study
SF-36 PF and MH sub-scale scores were not comparable across population sub-groups defined by demographic and health status variables due to the effects of DIF, although the magnitude of this bias was not large for most items.
The 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and Work Productivity and the Impairment (WPAI) Questionnaire in Panic Disorder
The SF-36 is a valid, reliable and responsive measure of QOL in panic disorder, and the WPAI did not perform as well, perhaps due to a combination of limited sample size and high variability in WPAi scores.
Reliability of the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) in Physical Activity Research Using Meta-Analysis
Findings show that both HRQOL scales of the SF-36 assessment are reliable across a wide variety of physical activity studies.
Health-related quality of life in Switzerland : normative data for the SF-36 v 2 questionnaire
Purpose Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an important concept to describe well-being of the general population and persons with diseases. The short form-36 (SF-36) is a widely used
The MOS 36‐Item Short‐Form Health Survey (SF‐36): II. Psychometric and Clinical Tests of Validity in Measuring Physical and Mental Health Constructs
Cross-sectional data from the Medical Outcomes Study were analyzed to test the validity of the MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) scales as measures of physical and mental health constructs and found the social functioning, vitality, and general health perceptions scales had the most complex interpretation.


Performance of a Five-Item Mental Health Screening Test
TheMHI-5 was as good as the MHI-18 and the GHQ-30, and better than the SSI-28, for detecting most significant DIS disorders, including major depression, affective disorders generally, and anxiety disorders.
A Health Status Questionnaire Using 30 Items From The Medical Outcomes Study: Preliminary Validation in Persons With Early HIV Infection
A modified measure of human immunodeficiency virus-relevant items developed for the Medical Outcomes Study from subscales for cognitive function, energy/fatigue, health distress, and a single quality of life item were added to a portion of the MOS Short-form General Health Survey.
The Medical Outcomes Study Instrument (MOSI)--use of a new health status measure in Britain.
The paper suggests that the MOSI may be a candidate for Health Status measurement in research and audit in primary care, but further research is required.
A scaled version of the General Health Questionnaire.
The factor structure of the symptomatology of the General Health Questionnaire when it is completed in a primary care setting is found to be very similar for 3 independent sets of data.
Measuring Functioning and Well-Being: The Medical Outcomes Study Approach
This book provides a set of ready-to-use generic measures that are applicable to all adults, including those well and chronically ill, as well as a methodological guide to collecting health data and constructing health measures.
The validity and relative precision of MOS short- and long-form health status scales and Dartmouth COOP charts. Results from the Medical Outcomes Study.
Variations in RP across methods and concepts were linked to differences in the coarseness of measurement scales, reliability, and content (including the effects of chart illustrations).
Measuring Health Changes Among Severely III Patients: The Floor Phenomenon
Many patients who reported their health had become worse also recorded the lowest possible score on the MOS-20 at baseline, creating an instrument bias against documenting a decline in health among severely ill patients, the group in which it may be most important to detect such a change.
The Sickness Impact Profile: Development and Final Revision of a Health Status Measure
The final development of the Sickness Impact Profile (SIP), a behaviorally based measure of health status, is presented and a technique for describing and assessing similarities and differences among groups was developed using profile and pattern analysis.
Comparisons of Five Health Status Instruments for Orthopedic Evaluation
Sensitivity of five health status questionnaires was studied in a longitudinal evaluation of orthopedic surgery to find optimal techniques for evaluating outcome in patients who have undergone total joint arthroplasty.