The MOS 36‐Item Short‐Form Health Survey (SF‐36): II. Psychometric and Clinical Tests of Validity in Measuring Physical and Mental Health Constructs

@article{McHorney1993TheM3,
  title={The MOS 36‐Item Short‐Form Health Survey (SF‐36): II. Psychometric and Clinical Tests of Validity in Measuring Physical and Mental Health Constructs},
  author={Colleen A McHorney and Ware Johne},
  journal={Medical Care},
  year={1993},
  volume={31},
  pages={247–263}
}
Cross-sectional data from the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) were analyzed to test the validity of the MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) scales as measures of physical and mental health constructs. [] Key Method Results from traditional psychometric and clinical tests of validity were compared. Principal components analysis was used to test for hypothesized physical and mental health dimensions.

Do differences in methods for constructing SF-36 physical and mental health summary measures change their associations with chronic medical conditions and utilization?

TLDR
Differences between the two sets of summary scores were consistent with their respective conceptual and analytic approaches, and it was found that the SF-36 and RAND-36 summary scores generally yielded results similar to one another across measures of heart disease, diabetes, and kidney disease, as well as measures of utilization.

Comparison of methods for the scoring and statistical analysis of SF-36 health profile and summary measures: summary of results from the Medical Outcomes Study.

TLDR
Results suggest that the two summary measures may be useful in most studies and that their empiric validity, relative to the best SF-36 scale, will depend on the application.

Reliability and Validity of the SF-12 Health Survey Among People With Severe Mental Illness

TLDR
The SF-12 appears to be a psychometrically sound instrument for measuring health-related quality of life for people with SMI and was related to physical and mental health indexes in expected ways.

Differential Item Functioning in the SF-36 Physical Functioning and Mental Health Sub-Scales: A Population-Based Investigation in the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study

TLDR
SF-36 PF and MH sub-scale scores were not comparable across population sub-groups defined by demographic and health status variables due to the effects of DIF, although the magnitude of this bias was not large for most items.

Health outcomes by self-report: validity of the SF-36 among Australian hospital patients

TLDR
While the SF-36 performed satisfactorily, there were weaknesses: the social functioning scale was too narrow to cover social health, both role limitations scales had crude response categories and particular subgroups, the frail elderly and those with complex health conditions, required measures with finer gradings for scales such as physical functioning and bodily pain.

An empirical comparison of four generic health status measures. The Nottingham Health Profile, the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey, the COOP/WONCA charts, and the EuroQol instrument.

TLDR
The SF-36 appeared to be the most suitable measure of health status in this relatively healthy population on the basis of the results of the psychometric analyses.

The SF-36 Physical and Mental Health Summary Measures: An Example of How to Interpret Scores

  • C. Jenkinson
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Journal of health services research & policy
  • 1998
TLDR
Normative data provided here should enable a more meaningful presentation of data than is generally provided in research papers presenting SF-36 summary scores.
...

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TLDR
A modified measure of human immunodeficiency virus-relevant items developed for the Medical Outcomes Study from subscales for cognitive function, energy/fatigue, health distress, and a single quality of life item were added to a portion of the MOS Short-form General Health Survey.

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