The Luminescent Systems of Pony Fishes

@article{Haneda1976TheLS,
  title={The Luminescent Systems of Pony Fishes},
  author={Yata Haneda and Frederick I. Tsuji},
  journal={Journal of Morphology},
  year={1976},
  volume={150}
}
The anatomy of bioluminescent organs and mode of light production in 18 species of pony fish have been investigated using fresh and preserved material. The luminescent systems are similarly arranged in all. Basically, the system consists of a light organ located at the distal end of the esophagus, and a series of abdominal accessory structures positioned in tandem for controlling light intensity and for directing and dispersing the light. Light is produced by numerous symbiotic luminous… 
Field Evidence for Bioluminescent Signaling in the Pony Fish, Leiognathus elongatus
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These observations provide field evidence that the luminescence functions as intraspecific communications in L. elongatus, and are likely to be male and female, respectively.
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TLDR
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TLDR
The ventral illumination behavior of leiognathids, with their associated morphology, is compared and contrasted with the counterillumination systems that have been described in a number of mesopelagic fishes, shrimps and squids.
PHYSIOLOGICAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL STATE OF THE SYMBIOTIC BACTERIA FROM LIGHT ORGANS OF PONYFISH.
TLDR
A maximalluminescence, minimal-growth bacterial model of this symbiosis is led to.
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TLDR
A spectacular light display in schooling Leiognathus splendens in the field at Ambon, Indonesia is recorded, markedly increasing underwater visibility for a human observer.
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TLDR
There seems to be a definite relationship between the size of the organ and the number of bacterial cells in ponyfishes.
SYMBIOTIC BACTERIA FROM LIGHT ORGANS OF PONYFISH
TLDR
Symbiotic, bioluminescent bacteria within and directly removed from the light organs of freshlysacrificedPhilippine and Japaneseponyfish were analyzed for light production, oxygen uptake, morphology, and density, leading to a maximal luminescence, minimal-growth bacterial model of this symbiosis.
Adaptations for reflection of bioluminescent light in the gas bladder of Leiognathus equulus (Perciformes: Leiognathidae).
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  • Environmental Science
    The Journal of experimental zoology
  • 1983
TLDR
The enhancement of purine in the reflective portions of the bladder and the correlation of the differential distribution of purines with the path of light indicate that the L. equulus gas bladder is exquisitely adapted to function as a reflector of bioluminescent light.
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