The Lost Colony and Jamestown droughts.

  title={The Lost Colony and Jamestown droughts.},
  author={David W. Stahle and M. K. Cleaveland and Dennis Blanton and Matthew D. Therrell and Dominique Gay},
  volume={280 5363},
Tree-ring data from Virginia indicate that the Lost Colony of Roanoke Island disappeared during the most extreme drought in 800 years (1587-1589) and that the alarming mortality and the near abandonment of Jamestown Colony occurred during the driest 7-year episode in 770 years (1606-1612). These extraordinary droughts can now be implicated in the fate of the Lost Colony and in the appalling death rate during the early occupations at Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in America. 

Drought as a factor in the Jamestown colony, 1607–1612

The findings clearly document severe drought during the first years of the Jamestown colony, and enrich and clarify the first-person accounts of stress due to famine, poor water quality, intercultural hostility, and extreme mortality.

Subsistence fishing at Jamestown, 1607–24

Abstract The early 17th-century colonists of Jamestown had limited success in exploiting the abundant marine resources of the James River and Chesapeake Bay. This paper reviews their knowledge of

North American Tree Rings, Climatic Extremes, and Social Disasters

Tree-ring reconstructed climatic extremes contemporaneous with severe socioeconomic impacts can be identified in the modern, colonial, and precolonial eras. These events include the 1950s, Dust Bowl,

Reconstructing early 17th century estuarine drought conditions from Jamestown oysters

Comparing oxygen isotope data from these 17th century oyster shells with modern shells is compared to quantify and contrast estuarine salinity, season of oyster collection, and shell provenance during Jamestown colonization (1609–1616) and the 21st century.

A Proxy Record of Drought Severity for the Southwestern Canadian Plains

This paper examines the statistical relationships between Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) data from the southwestern Canadian plains and tree-ring index chronologies from nearby sites.

Tree-ring analysis of ancient baldcypress trees and subfossil wood

Late-Eighteenth-Century Precipitation Reconstructions from James Madison's Montpelier Plantation

Abstract This study presents two independent reconstructions of precipitation from James Madison's Montpelier plantation at the end of the eighteenth century. The first is transcribed directly from


The applications discussed in this paper include fire histories, stand-age structure, climate reconstructions, insect outbreak reconstruction, and mast (synchronous fruiting of trees) reconstructions.

Surprises from the soil : archaeological discoveries from England ’ s fi rst successful transatlantic colony at Jamestown

Archaeological excavations since 1994 have been uncovering the remains of James Fort in Virginia, the initial site of England’s Jamestown colony, established in 1607. Recovered from closely dated

A comparison of drought information in early North American colonial documentary records and a high-resolution tree-ring-based reconstruction

  • S. White
  • Environmental Science, History
    Climate of the Past
  • 2019
Abstract. Historical documentary records contain valuable information on climate, weather, and their societal impacts during the pre-instrumental period, but it may be difficult to assess the



Roanoke Island: The Beginnings of English America

Well before the Jamestown settlers first sighted the Chesapeake Bay or the Mayflower reached the coast of Massachusetts, the first English colony in America was established on Roanoke Island. David

Reconstruction and Analysis of Spring Rainfall over the Southeastern U.S. for the Past 1000 Years

Tree-ring chronologies can provide surprisingly accurate estimates of the natural variability of important climate parameters such as precipitation and temperature during the centuries prior to the

An Introduction to Tree-Ring Dating

Tree-ring dating, or dendrochronology, is the study of the chronological sequence of annual growth rings in trees. This book--a seminal study in its field--provides a simple yet eloquent introduction

A new assessment of possible solar and lunar forcing of the bidecadal drought rhythm in the western United States

Abstract A new drought area index (DAI) for the United States has been developed based on a high-quality network of drought reconstructions from tree rings. This DAI is remarkably similar to one

The Spanish Jesuit Mission in Virginia, 1570–1572 . By Clifford M. Lewis,S.J. and Albert J. Loomie,S.J. (Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1953. Pp. 294. Illustrations. $7.50.)

the periods are divided, are usually treated by one authority, but in some cases two and in one instance three individuals prepared the text. It is not possible to list all the contributors to this

The Chesapeake in the seventeenth century : essays on Anglo-American society

The rediscovery of the early Chesapeake, emigration, and marriage and family are three of the essay topics. Other subjects include environment, disease, and mortality; immigration and opportunity;

U. S. Geological Survey

This document summarizes current capabilities, research and operational priorities, and plans for further studies that were established at the 2015 USGS workshop on quantitative hazard assessments of earthquake-triggered landsliding and liquefaction in the Czech Republic.

Time series analysis, forecasting and control

This revision of a classic, seminal, and authoritative book explores the building of stochastic models for time series and their use in important areas of application —forecasting, model specification, estimation, and checking, transfer function modeling of dynamic relationships, modeling the effects of intervention events, and process control.

Introduction to TreeRing

  • Dating (Univ. of Arizona Press, Tucson,
  • 1996

Historical Climatology Series, North Carolina and Virginia (National Climatic Data

  • 1983