The Long-Term Conservation of the Australopithecus-bearing Member 4 Excavation Walls at the Sterkfontein Caves, South Africa

  title={The Long-Term Conservation of the Australopithecus-bearing Member 4 Excavation Walls at the Sterkfontein Caves, South Africa},
  author={Dominic Stratford and Matthew V. Caruana},
  journal={Studies in Conservation},
  pages={201 - 214}
ABSTRACT The Sterkfontein Caves UNESCO World Heritage site represents one of South Africa’s most valuable cultural heritage resources and is one of the world’s most prolific palaeoanthropological sites with its fossiliferous deposits spanning the last 3.5 million years. One of the most famous fossil-bearing deposits at Sterkfontein is the 2.5 million-year-old Member 4. This is the world’s richest Australopithecus-bearing deposit and has yielded iconic fossils like StS 5 – Mrs Ples, StW 53, two… 
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A multiscale stratigraphic investigation of the context of StW 573 ‘Little Foot’ and Member 2, Sterkfontein Caves, South Africa

This work demonstrates at multiple scales the primary association between the sediments of Member 2 and the StW 573 ‘Little Foot’ skeleton, indicating a gradual deposit accretion with no distinct collapse facies evident, no successive debris flow accumulation, and only localized intra-unit post- depositional modification.

Australopithecus prometheus is a nomen nudum.



Stratigraphy, artefact industries and hominid associations for Sterkfontein, member 5.

A revised stratigraphy for the early hominid site of Sterkfontein (Gauteng Province, South Africa) reveals a complex distribution of infills in the main excavation area between 2.8 and 1.4 m.y.a, as

The Plio-Pleistocene vegetation and climate of Sterkfontein and Swartkrans, South Africa, based on micromammals.

  • D. Avery
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of human evolution
  • 2001
Virtual absence of evidence of digestion on in situ lower molars of the major prey species, Mystromys albicaudatus, indicates that one of the owls Tyto alba, T. capensis or Asio capensis was the responsible predator, as does faunal resemblance between the Sterkfontein Valley samples and modern prey samples for the three owl species concerned.

The third partial skeleton of a late Pliocene hominin (Stw 431) from Sterkfontein, South Africa §

The skeleton shows an interesting complex of primitive and derived features, throwing further light on the mosaic character of hominin evolution, and supports suggestions that the australopithecines, although adapted for bipedalism, were not consistent or obligate bipeds.

Australopithecus from Sterkfontein Caves, South Africa

Since the discovery by Robert Broom of the first adult Australopithecus at Sterkfontein in 1936, a large quantity of fossil remains of this genus, consisting of crania, teeth and postcranial bones,

A fossil skull probably of the genus Homo from Sterkfontein, Transvaal

The new find supports the view that the Sterkfontein toolmaker was not the earlier A. africanus, but a later hominid related to Homo habilis, and is establishing indisputably the provenance of the specimen.

An ecological reassessment of the southern African carnivore guild: a case study from Member 4, Sterkfontein, South Africa.

The development of a new geospatial framework for the palaeoanthropological site of the Sterkfontein Caves, Cradle of Humankind, Gauteng, South Africa

Geographical Information Systems (GIS) provide an essential element in modern paleoanthropological inquiry through their ability to integrate a diverse range of data within a multidimensional spatial

3D laser scanning and the conservation of earthen architecture: a case study at the UNESCO World Heritage Site Merv, Turkmenistan

Abstract In the autumn of 2007, a new phase of conservation effort and research was implemented by University College London's Ancient Merv Project (AMP) at the Silk Road cities of Merv,

Habiline handaxes and Paranthropine pedigree at Sterkfontein

  • R. Clarke
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 1988
Abstract Since 1936 the site of Sterkfontein has been best known for its fossils attributed to Australopithecus africanus. From 1966 a continuous excavation programme at Sterkfontein has uncovered