The Long-Term Conservation of the Australopithecus-bearing Member 4 Excavation Walls at the Sterkfontein Caves, South Africa

  title={The Long-Term Conservation of the Australopithecus-bearing Member 4 Excavation Walls at the Sterkfontein Caves, South Africa},
  author={Dominic Stratford and Matthew V. Caruana},
  journal={Studies in Conservation},
  pages={201 - 214}
ABSTRACT The Sterkfontein Caves UNESCO World Heritage site represents one of South Africa’s most valuable cultural heritage resources and is one of the world’s most prolific palaeoanthropological sites with its fossiliferous deposits spanning the last 3.5 million years. One of the most famous fossil-bearing deposits at Sterkfontein is the 2.5 million-year-old Member 4. This is the world’s richest Australopithecus-bearing deposit and has yielded iconic fossils like StS 5 – Mrs Ples, StW 53, two… Expand
2 Citations
A multiscale stratigraphic investigation of the context of StW 573 ‘Little Foot’ and Member 2, Sterkfontein Caves, South Africa
This work demonstrates at multiple scales the primary association between the sediments of Member 2 and the StW 573 ‘Little Foot’ skeleton, indicating a gradual deposit accretion with no distinct collapse facies evident, no successive debris flow accumulation, and only localized intra-unit post- depositional modification. Expand
Australopithecus prometheus is a nomen nudum.


Stratigraphy, artefact industries and hominid associations for Sterkfontein, member 5.
A revised stratigraphy for the early hominid site of Sterkfontein (Gauteng Province, South Africa) reveals a complex distribution of infills in the main excavation area between 2.8 and 1.4 m.y.a, asExpand
The Plio-Pleistocene vegetation and climate of Sterkfontein and Swartkrans, South Africa, based on micromammals.
  • D. Avery
  • Geology, Medicine
  • Journal of human evolution
  • 2001
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The third partial skeleton of a late Pliocene hominin (Stw 431) from Sterkfontein, South Africa §
The skeleton shows an interesting complex of primitive and derived features, throwing further light on the mosaic character of hominin evolution, and supports suggestions that the australopithecines, although adapted for bipedalism, were not consistent or obligate bipeds. Expand
Australopithecus from Sterkfontein Caves, South Africa
Since the discovery by Robert Broom of the first adult Australopithecus at Sterkfontein in 1936, a large quantity of fossil remains of this genus, consisting of crania, teeth and postcranial bones,Expand
A fossil skull probably of the genus Homo from Sterkfontein, Transvaal
The new find supports the view that the Sterkfontein toolmaker was not the earlier A. africanus, but a later hominid related to Homo habilis, and is establishing indisputably the provenance of the specimen. Expand
An ecological reassessment of the southern African carnivore guild: a case study from Member 4, Sterkfontein, South Africa.
Considering the complex depositional processes that operate in the southern African cave sites, it is proposed that the larger carnivore guild observed in the Sterkfontein Member 4 fossil assemblage is a palimpsest created by time-averaging, while those sites which have relatively few species may be a better reflection of carnivore communities. Expand
The development of a new geospatial framework for the palaeoanthropological site of the Sterkfontein Caves, Cradle of Humankind, Gauteng, South Africa
Geographical Information Systems (GIS) provide an essential element in modern paleoanthropological inquiry through their ability to integrate a diverse range of data within a multidimensional spatialExpand
3D laser scanning and the conservation of earthen architecture: a case study at the UNESCO World Heritage Site Merv, Turkmenistan
Abstract In the autumn of 2007, a new phase of conservation effort and research was implemented by University College London's Ancient Merv Project (AMP) at the Silk Road cities of Merv,Expand
Habiline handaxes and Paranthropine pedigree at Sterkfontein
Abstract Since 1936 the site of Sterkfontein has been best known for its fossils attributed to Australopithecus africanus. From 1966 a continuous excavation programme at Sterkfontein has uncoveredExpand
U–Pb dating of calcite–aragonite layers in speleothems from hominin sites in South Africa by MC-ICP-MS
Abstract Speleothems are found in association with hominin fossil-bearing cave deposits in South Africa and can be used to provide valuable chronological constraints. Such material is generally tooExpand