The Long-Run Impacts of Special Education

@article{Ballis2021TheLI,
  title={The Long-Run Impacts of Special Education},
  author={Briana Ballis and Katelyn Heath},
  journal={American Economic Journal: Economic Policy},
  year={2021}
}
Over 13 percent of US students participate in special education (SE) programs annually, at a cost of $40 billion. However, due to selection issues the effect of SE placements remains unclear. This paper uses administrative data from Texas to examine the long-run effect of reducing SE access. Our research design exploits variation in SE placement driven by a unique state policy that required school districts to reduce SE caseloads to 8.5 percent. This policy led to sharp reductions in SE… 
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