The Long Run Effects of Labor Migration on Human Capital Formation in Communities of Origin

  title={The Long Run Effects of Labor Migration on Human Capital Formation in Communities of Origin},
  author={Taryn Dinkelman and Martine Mariotti},
  journal={Labor: Human Capital eJournal},
We provide new evidence of one channel through which circular labor migration has long run effects on origin communities: by raising completed human capital of the next generation. We estimate the net effects of migration from Malawi to South African mines using newly digitized Census and administrative data on access to mine jobs, a difference-in-differences strategy and two opposite-signed and plausibly exogenous shocks to the option to migrate. Twenty years after these shocks, human capital… 

The International Transmission of Local Economic Shocks Through Migrant Networks

Using newly validated data on geographic migration networks, we study how labor demand shocks in the United States propagate across the border with Mexico. We show that the large exogenous decline in

Human Capital Investment Under Exit Options: Evidence from a Natural Quasi-Experiment

When countries select immigrants based on skill, what happens in the migrants' countries of origin? Departing skilled workers obviously tend to reduce stocks of skill there, but the prospect of

Measuring the Spatial Misallocation of Labor: The Returns to India-Gulf Guest Work in a Natural Experiment

'Guest workers' earn higher wages overseas on temporary low-skill employment visas. This wage effect can quantify global inefficiencies in the pure spatial allocation of labor between poorer and

The Short and Long-term Impact of International Migration on Human Capital Formation of the Left Behind

This paper examines the short and long-term impact of international migration on overall human capital formation as well as the quality of human capital formation of the left behind households in the

The Impact of Migration on Employment Outcomes

Chapter 5 deals with rural–urban, seasonal, international, and return migration that play an important role in many LICs. Today’s migration patterns are quite different than in the past, with heavy

The long-term development impacts of international migration remittances for sending households: evidence from Morocco

Abstract We integrate qualitative and quantitative methods to document the long-term impact of international migration remittances on household investment strategies, wealth outcomes, and equity of

Abundance from Abroad: Migrant Income and Long-Run Economic Development

When international migrant incomes improve, what are the consequences for global income (from international and domestic sources) in migrant-origin economies? Guided by a theoretical model and using

Access to Migration for Rural Households

This paper exploits a unique feature of China’s history, the “sent-down youth” (SDY ) program, to study the effects of access to internal migration. We show that temporary migration due to the SDY


I explore how migration opportunities affect college enrollment and major choice in migrant-sending countries in the presence of open borders. My identification strategy exploits exogenous variation



The Impacts of International Migration on Remaining Household Members: Omnibus Results from a Migration Lottery Program

Abstract We use a migration lottery program to overcome the double-selectivity problems posed by migration. We compare a wide range of outcomes for the remaining household members of Tongan emigrants

The Intergenerational Effects of Paternal Migration on Schooling and Work: What Can We Learn from Children's Time Allocations?

The estimates suggest that in the short-run, children reduce study hours and increase work hours in response to a father's U.S. migration, consistent with a story in which the immediate aftermath of a dad's migration is one of financial hardship that is borne in part by relatively young children.

Savings in Transnational Households: A Field Experiment among Migrants from El Salvador

Abstract We implemented a randomized field experiment that tested ways to stimulate migrants’ savings in their origin country. We find that migrants value opportunities to exert greater control over

Migration and Economic Mobility in Tanzania: Evidence from a Tracking Survey

Abstract This study explores to what extent migration has contributed to improved living standards of individuals in Tanzania. Using a thirteen-year panel survey, we find that migration between 1991

Technical Change and Human-Capital Returns and Investments: Evidence from the Green Revolution

Panel and time-series data describing the green-revolution period in India are used to assess the effects of exogenous technical change on the returns to schooling, the effects of schooling on the

International Migration, Remittances and Household Investment: Evidence from Philippine Migrants Exchange Rate Shocks

Millions of households in developing countries receive financial support from family members working overseas. How do migrant earnings affect origin-household investments? This paper examines

Mines and Migrants in South Africa

Between 1971 and 1978, wages of more than one-half million nonwhite laborers in the South African mines tripled in real terms. In the same period, the nonwhites employed in the mines switched from

Why Don't Remittances Appear to Affect Growth?

Although measured remittances by migrant workers have soared in recent years, macroeconomic studies have difficulty detecting their effect on economic growth. This paper reviews existing explanations

Can migration reduce educational attainment? Evidence from Mexico

This paper examines the impact of migration on educational attainment in rural Mexico. Using historical migration rates to instrument for current migration, we find evidence of a significant negative