The Long-Run Effect of Mexican Immigration on Crime in US Cities: Evidence from Variation in Mexican Fertility Rates

@article{Chalfin2015TheLE,
  title={The Long-Run Effect of Mexican Immigration on Crime in US Cities: Evidence from Variation in Mexican Fertility Rates},
  author={Aaron Chalfin},
  journal={The American Economic Review},
  year={2015},
  volume={105},
  pages={220-225}
}
  • Aaron Chalfin
  • Published 1 May 2015
  • Economics
  • The American Economic Review
Using historical data on the size of state-specific Mexican birth cohorts and geographic migration networks between Mexican states and US metropolitan areas, I construct an instrumental variable that predicts decadal migration from Mexico to the United States. The intuition behind this identification strategy is that larger historical birth cohorts in Mexico yield more potential migrants once each birth cohort reaches prime migration age. I report evidence that Mexican immigration is associated… Expand

Tables from this paper

Immigration enforcement, crime, and demography
This study leverages a remarkable natural experiment created by recent legislation in Arizona to study the impact on crime of a large decline in the state’s Mexican immigrant population. We show thatExpand
The Relationship between Immigration and Crime in Canada, 1976-2011
This dissertation examines whether changes in immigration are associated with changes in crime rates at the macro-level over time in Canada. Specifically, I analyze this relationship in CanadianExpand
World Bank Document
The perception that immigration fuels crime is an important source of anti-immigrant sentiment. Using Malaysian data for 2003-10, this paper provides estimates of the overall impact of economicExpand
How and Why Does Immigration Affect Crime? Evidence from Malaysia
The perception that immigration fuels crime is an important source of anti-immigrant sentiment. Using Malaysian data for 2003-10, this paper provides estimates of the overall impact of economicExpand
The Political Impact of Immigration: Evidence from the United States
In this paper we study the impact of immigration to the United States on the vote for the Republican Party by analyzing county-level data on election outcomes between 1990 and 2010. Our mainExpand
Causes and consequences of internal migration: evidence from Brazil and Ghana
This thesis investigates socio-economic drivers and impacts of internal migration in two countries, Brazil and Ghana. The first empirical chapter analyses the choice of Brazilian workers to move outExpand
Immigration to the U.S.: a Problem for the Republicans or the Democrats?
This article studies the impact of immigration on the share of votes to the Republican and Democratic Party in US elections between 1994 and 2012. Our analysis is based on the variation across statesExpand
Immigration and Crimes Against Natives: The 2015 Refugee Crisis in Germany
In the 2015 refugee crisis, nearly one million refugees came to Germany, raising concern that crimes against natives would rise. Using novel county-level data, we study this question empirically inExpand
Immigration and crime: The role of self-selection and institutions
Contrarily to popular perception, empirical evidence suggests that immigrants do not commit more crimes than natives, in spite of having lower legitimate earning opportunities. To make sense of this,Expand
Shift-Share Instruments and the Impact of Immigration
A large literature exploits geographic variation in the concentration of immigrants to identify their impact on a variety of outcomes. To address the endogeneity of immigrants' location choices, theExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 11 REFERENCES
What is the Contribution of Mexican Immigration to U.S. Crime Rates? Evidence from Rainfall Shocks in Mexico
This paper identifies a causal effect of Mexican immigration on crime using an instrument that leverages temporal variation in rainfall in different regions in Mexico as well as persistence inExpand
The Effect of Mexican Immigration on the Wages and Employment of U.S. Natives: Evidence from the Timing of Mexican Fertility Shocks
Abstract Recent literature has used instrumental variables techniques to estimate a causal effect of immigration on labor market outcomes among U.S. natives. The majority of this literature relies onExpand
Cross-city evidence on the relationship between immigration and crime
Public concerns about the costs of immigration and crime are high, and sometimes overlapping. This article investigates the relationship between immigration into a metropolitan area and that area'sExpand
Understanding the Impact of Immigration on Crime
Since the 1960s both crime rates and the share of immigrants among the American population have more than doubled. Almost three quarters of Americans believe immigration increases crime, yet existingExpand
Exploring the Connection between Immigration and Violent Crime Rates in U.S. Cities, 1980–2000
A popular perception is that immigration causes higher crime rates. Yet, historical and contemporary research finds that at the individual level, immigrants are not more inclined to commit crime thanExpand
The Effects of Immigrant Concentration on Changes in Neighborhood Crime Rates
TLDR
The results indicate that greater predicted concentrations of immigrants in neighborhoods are linked to significant reductions in crime, and challenge traditional ecological perspectives that link immigrant settlement to higher rates of crime. Expand
The Effects of Immigration on the Labor Market Outcomes of Less-skilled Natives
This paper examines the effects of immigration on the labor market outcomes of less-skilled natives. Working from a simple model of a local labor market, we show that the effects of immigration canExpand
Are Immigrant Youth Less Violent? Specifying the Reasons and Mechanisms
In this article, the authors present an overview of the relationship between immigrant households and crime and violence, drawing on sociological and public health literature. They present a critiqueExpand
Are Immigrants Less Violent ? Specifying the Reasons and Mechanisms
  • The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
  • 2012
...
1
2
...