The Long‐Term Effects of Physical Loading and Exercise Lifestyles on Back‐Related Symptoms, Disability, and Spinal Pathology Among Men

@article{Videman1995TheLE,
  title={The Long‐Term Effects of Physical Loading and Exercise Lifestyles on Back‐Related Symptoms, Disability, and Spinal Pathology Among Men},
  author={Tapio Videman and Seppo Sarna and Michele C. Batti{\'e} and Seppo Koskinen and Kevin Gill and Heli Paananen and Laura Gibbons},
  journal={Spine},
  year={1995},
  volume={20},
  pages={699–709}
}
Study Design Historical cohort, including selected subgroups. Objectives To understand the long-term effects of exercise on back-related outcomes, back pain, sciatica, back-related hospitalizations, pensions, and magnetic resonance imaging findings were studied among former elite athletes. Summary of Background Data Exercise and sports participation have become increasingly popular, as have recommendations of exercises for back problems, but little is known about their long-term effects… 

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    Medicine and science in sports and exercise
  • 2001
Examination of evidence for causal relationships between physical activity (PA) and low back pain, osteoarthritis, and osteoporosis and for dose-response relations involved concluded that research to elucidate the inadequately known dose- response relations should be given high priority.
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