The Logic of Animal Conflict

  title={The Logic of Animal Conflict},
  author={J. Maynard Smith and GEORGE R. Price},
Conflicts between animals of the same species usually are of “limited war” type, not causing serious injury. This is often explained as due to group or species selection for behaviour benefiting the species rather than individuals. Game theory and computer simulation analyses show, however, that a “limited war” strategy benefits individual animals as well as the species. 
Modelling Animal Behaviour in Contests: Conventions for Resource Allocation
Results indicate the evolution of coordinated behaviour that avoids unnecessary fighting in the selective pressures affecting animal contest behaviour with an evolutionary simulation model.
Primates--a natural heritage of conflict resolution.
The traditional notion of aggression as an antisocial instinct is being replaced by a framework that considers it a tool of competition and negotiation. When survival depends on mutual assistance,
Longevity suppresses conflict in animal societies
It is shown that longevity substantially reduces the level of within-group conflict, which can lead to the evolution of peaceful animal societies if relatedness among group members is high.
Cross-level Interactions Between Conflict Resolution and Survival Games
The results demonstrate that inferior strategies in conflict games can be turned into superior strategies in the survival game if combined with the right parameters for foraging.
Game theory and evolution (1973)
In 1973 Maynard Smith and Price published an article analyzing why animals avoided using their most dangerous weapons in intraspecific conflicts, one of those that launched the application of game theory to evolutionary problems.


Group Selection and Kin Selection
It is suggested that since behaviour favours the survival of the group and not of the individual it must have evolved by a process of group selection.
Aggressive Behavior among Vertebrate Animals
Social control by means of aggressive behavior is to be distinguished from social dominance, which is a more general term and refers to the determination of behavior of given individuals by other individuals, whether by aggressive behavior or by other means.
Animal Dispersion in Relation to Social Behaviour.
Wynne-Edwards has written this interesting and important book as a sequel to his earlier (1962) Animal Dispersion in Relation to Social Behaviour. Reviewing it has proven to be a valuable task for
The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex: Contents
Part II. Sexual Selection (continued): 12. Secondary sexual characters of fishes, amphibians and reptiles 13. Secondary sexual characters of birds 14. Birds (continued) 15. Birds (continued) 16.
Reproductive Behavior of the Asiatic Elephant
It is concluded that the major modifications in elephant behavior involve no departures from homologous behavior patterns in other mammals but rather involve adaptations to major structural differences that the elephant has evolved including its graviportal support system and its prehensile trunk.
Extension of covariance selection mathematics
  • G. Price
  • Mathematics
    Annals of human genetics
  • 1972
The mathematics given here applies not only to genetical selection but to selection in general, intended mainly for use in deriving general relations and constructing theories, and to clarify understanding of selection phenomena, rather than for numerical calculation.
Lysergic Acid Diethylamide: Its Effects on a Male Asiatic Elephant.
A saline pond in a region in Antarctia where other lakes and ponds are frozen remains unfrozen at the prevailing low temperatures, and the ecology of the pond is unique, suggesting a nonmarine origin for the water.