The Link Database: Fast Access to Graphs of the Web

Abstract

The Connectivity Server is a special-purpose database whose schema models the Web as a graph graph where URLs are nodes and hyperlinks are directed edges. The Link Database provides fast access to the hyperlinks. To support a wide range of graph algorithms, we find it important to fit the Link Database into memory. In the first version of the Link Database, we achieved this fit by using machines with lots of memory (8GB), and storing each hyperlink in 32 bits. However, this approach was limited to roughly 100 million Web pages. This paper presents techniques to compress the links to accommodate larger graphs. Our techniques combine well-known compression methods with methods that depend on the properties of the web graph. The first compression technique takes advantage of the fact that most hyperlinks on most Web pages point to other pages on the same host as the page itself. The second technique takes advantage of the fact that many pages on the same host share hyperlinks, that is, they tend to point to a common set of pages. Together, these techniques reduce space requirements to under 6 bits per link. While (de)compression adds latency to the hyperlink access time, we can still compute the strongly connected components of a 6 billion-edge graph in under 20 minutes and run applications such as Kleinberg’s HITS in real time. This paper describes our techniques for compressing the Link Database, and provides performance numbers for compression ratios and decompression speed.

DOI: 10.1109/DCC.2002.999950

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@inproceedings{Randall2002TheLD, title={The Link Database: Fast Access to Graphs of the Web}, author={Keith H. Randall and Raymie Stata and Janet L. Wiener and Rajiv Wickremesinghe}, booktitle={DCC}, year={2002} }