The Limits of Authoritarian Modernisation: Zero Tolerance Policing in Kazakhstan

  title={The Limits of Authoritarian Modernisation: Zero Tolerance Policing in Kazakhstan},
  author={Gavin Slade and Alexei Trochev and Malika Talgatova},
  journal={Europe-Asia Studies},
  pages={178 - 199}
Abstract We study police inertia and the depth of public mistrust in, and apathy towards, zero tolerance policing (ZTP) in Kazakhstan. Using survey, social media and official data we show how ZTP failed: politicians did not summon any political will for the policy, the police subverted any attempted reforms, while citizens ignored them. The failure of ZTP delineates the limits of authoritarian modernisation. We argue that modernisers require assistance from citizens in reforming police yet… 
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