The Liberal Peace: Interdependence, Democracy, and International Conflict, 1950-85

  title={The Liberal Peace: Interdependence, Democracy, and International Conflict, 1950-85},
  author={John R. O'neal and Frances H. Oneal and Zeev Maoz and Bruce M. Russett},
  journal={Journal of Peace Research},
  pages={11 - 28}
The classical liberals believed that democracy and free trade would reduce the incidence of war. Here we conduct new tests of the `democratic peace', incorporating into the analyses of Maoz & Russett (1993) a measure of economic interdependence based on the economic importance of bilateral trade. This allows us to conduct a simultaneous evaluation of the effects of regime type and interdependence on the likelihood that a pair of states will become involved in a militarized interstate dispute… 

Causes of Peace: Democracy, Interdependence, and International Organizations, 1885–1992

Previous studies provide strong evidence for the Kantian theory of peace, but a satisfactory evaluation requires establishing the causal influence of the variables. Here we focus on the reciprocal

New Tests of the Democratic Peace: Controlling for Economic Interdependence, 1950-85

Maoz and Russett (1993) reported that democratic states after World War II were unlikely to engage in militarized disputes with one another, but their continuous measure of joint democracy is

How the Wealth of Nations Conditions the Liberal Peace

Over the past decade the liberal peace—the finding that democracy and economic interdependence contribute to peace among nations—has emerged as one of the strongest and most important results in the

Is the Liberal Peace Just an Artifact of Cold War

Recent research indicates that democracy and economic interdependence reduce the probability that a pair of states will engage in a militarized interstate dispute. These analyses were largely

Comparative Kantian Peace Theory Economic Interdependence and International Conflict at A Group Level of Analysis

Liberal scholars in the international relations discipline argue that peace among nations would be the consequence of three complementary influences. First, republican constitutions eliminate

Globalization and Peace: Assessing New Directions in the Study of Trade and Conflict

`Globalization' has largely superseded the term `economic interdependence' to describe the rapidly growing links between nations, economies, and societies. The effects that the internationalization

Economic Interdependence: A Path to Peace or a Source of Interstate Conflict?

This article investigates the long-standing liberal hypothesis that trade ties facilitate interstate peace. Rather than assuming that trade will always promote peace, the author highlights the need

Democracy, Interdependence, and the Sources of the Liberal Peace

Can the world be made more peaceful through commerce? Empirical studies of the impact of trade on military conflict have yielded conflicting results depending on the specific measures and empirical

Globalization and Conflict: Welfare, Distribution,and Political Unrest

The consequences of globalization for the development of a more peaceful world remain highly controversial. This article seeks to clarify the impact that the globalization of the economy may have on

The Third Leg of the Kantian Tripod for Peace: International Organizations and Militarized Disputes, 1950–85

Immanuel Kant believed that democracy, economic interdependence, and international law and organizations could establish the foundations for “perpetual peace.” Our analyses of politically relevant



Democracy and the Management of International Conflict

The research reported here extends investigation of the democracy-war hypothesis by focusing on the norms of dispute resolution integral to the democratic process. If we extend these norms to the

Conflict, Cooperation, and Commerce: The Effect of International Political Interactions on Bilateral Trade Flows

The public choice approach to political economy is employed to gain insight into the connection between international politics and trade flows. A model is constructed in which importers are assumed

Democracy and the Peaceful Settlement of International Conflict

  • W. J. Dixon
  • Political Science
    American Political Science Review
  • 1994
The research reported here develops an explanation for the often-noted absence of international war between democratic states. This explanation is derived from a theoretical rationale centered on

Geography, democracy, and peace

Several decades of systematic empirical work on the causes of war have generated a great many findings but few solid regularities. This article argues that there are two strong, known regularities:

Power Politics and International Trade

Recent literature attributes the relative scarcity of open international markets to the prisoner's dilemma structure of state preferences with respect to trade. We argue that the prisoner's dilemma

Regime Types and International Conflict, 1816-1976

This study replicates and extends previous inquiries on the relations between regime type and conflict involvement of states. It examines the robustness of previous findings with respect to various

Normative and Structural Causes of Democratic Peace, 1946–1986

Democratic states are in general about as conflict- and war-prone as nondemocracies, but democracies have rarely clashed with one another in violent conflict. We first show that democracy, as well as

The Political Psychology of `Peace through Democratization'

Many scholars and policy-makers have pinned their hopes on the expectation that in the post-Cold War world peace will be preserved if the diffusion of democracy continues. This hope is grounded on

Some Simple Calculations on Democracy and War Involvement

The empirical evidence on democracy and war involvement indicates two quite robust findings. First, democracies do not differ from other regimes in their degree of war involvement. Second, war is

The Complexity of Interdependence

"Interdependence" has long been a cardinal element in theoretical analyses of international politics, but its utility has been hampered by disagreements over both the meaning of the term and its