• Corpus ID: 166107020

The Levant Comes of Age: The Ninth Century BCE through Script Traditions

  title={The Levant Comes of Age: The Ninth Century BCE through Script Traditions},
  author={Heather Dana Davis Parker},
It has long been recognized that the alphabetic scripts present within the Northwest Semitic inscriptions of the first half of the first millennium BCE belong to three separate script traditions — Phoenician, Aramaic, and Hebrew. Although there have been valuable studies of the early history of each of these traditions, including some discussion of the interrelationships between them, there has not been a comprehensive and systematic palaeographic study of these traditions viewing all three… 

A Moabite-Inscribed Statue Fragment from Kerak: Egyptian Parallels

The focus of this study is the Kerak fragment (Kemoshyat inscription) from Moab. Since its discovery and initial publication, most studies of this piece have focused primarily on its inscribed text,

Teaching Epigraphy in the Digital Age

Fields of knowledge are always in transition, with data continuing to accumulate and analyses of the data constantly nuancing previous understandings. No exception to this is the field of Northwest

The Epigraphic Digital Lab: Teaching Epigraphy in the Twenty-First Century c.e.

The dictum “nothing ever stays the same” is certainly true of academics. Fields of knowledge are always in transition, and the field of Northwest Semitic epigraphy is no exception to this. Data

Lachish “Letter” 2 (BM 125702): A Polite Letter, an Accreditation Pass, or a Text Used to Teach Letter Writing?

  • Alice Mandell
  • Education, Linguistics
    Bulletin of the American Society of Overseas Research
  • 2022
Lachish 2 is typically described as an enigmatic letter, one that consists mainly of the protocol language used in letter introductions. However, past studies have wrestled with Lines 5–6 of this



The Egyptian Origin of the Semitic Alphabet

AMONG the unsolved problems of philology and archaeology few present more interest or more difficulty than that of the origin of the Semitic scripts and, derivatively, of our own writing. It is

The Formal Scripts of Iron Age Transjordan

  • L. Herr
  • History
    Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 1980
It is becoming increasingly clear that late in the Iron II period separate script traditions arose for each of the southern Palestinian national groups (Cross 1969: 14; 1973: 13-14; 1975: 10-17;

An Abecedary of the Mid-Tenth Century B.C.E. from the Judaean Shephelah

Near the conclusion of the 2005 excavation season at Tel Zayit, Israel, the Zeitah Excavations recovered a large stone bearing an incised, two-line inscription. The special importance of the stone

The Date of the Kapara Period at Gozan (Tell Halaf)

Ever since the discovery of the Palace of Kapara by Max von Oppenheim in 1911, there has been a debate—often acrimonious—with respect to its date. As late as 1934 there was a variation of some two

Did Biran Kill David? the Bible in the Light of Archaeology

Recent articles on the bytdwd inscription from Tel Dan reflect some of the worst excesses of the biblical archaeology movement, involving circular arguments, the fabrication of evidence and

The first royal inscription from ancient Israel: The tel dan inscription reconsidered∗

Abstract Since its publication by A. Biran and J. Naveh in 1994 and 1995, the early Aramaic Tel Dan inscription, with its supposed connection with the coming to the Northern Israelite throne of Jehu

The Antiquity of the Greek Alphabet

FOR some time I have been expecting to encounter in learned journal or epigraphical treatise the authoritative pronouncement that the Greek alphabet was adopted from the Phoenician about the year 700

Redefining the Centre: The Emergence of State in Judah

Abstract Analysis of settlement traits in Judah during the Iron Age IIA generates fresh insight into the process of state formation in the Kingdom of Judah. Our conclusions are based on observation

A Ugaritic Abecedary and the Origins of the Proto-Canaanite Alphabet

Phoenician alphabet 3 evolved directly from the Proto-Canaanite pictographic script. Twelve of the most frequent signs can be traced in detail through their evolution from transparent pictograph to

Hebrew Inscriptions: Texts from the Biblical Period of the Monarchy with Concordance

This new and up-to-date philological edition of all substantive Hebrew inscriptions from the Iron II (pre-exilic) period takes into account the most current research and presents extensive textual